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Population-specific details of Sandhill Crane Breeding, Migration, and Wintering areas, and population sizes.

PopulationCubanFloridaMississippiEastern FlywayMid-Continent2Rocky MountainLower Colorado River ValleyCentral Valley Population3Pacific Flyway Population
Abbreviation                       CPFPMPEFPMCPRMPLCRVPCVPPFP
Sub-populationsnone                none                 nonenoneGulf Coast, Western                nonenoneNorthern, Southernnone                    
Subspecies1G. c. nesiotesG. c. pratensisG. c. pullaG. c. tabidaG. c. tabida,
G. c. canadensis,
G. c. rowani
G. c. tabidaG. c. tabidaG. c. tabida,
G. c. rowani?
G. c. canadensis, G. c. rowani?
Migratorynononoyesyesyesyesyesyes
Primary Breeding AreaCubaFloridaJackson County, MississippiU.S. & Canada Great Lakes areaArctic and Subarctic Canada, United States, RussiaNorthern and Central U.S. Rocky MtnsNevadaBritish Columbia, California, Nevada, Oregon, And WashingtonCoastal Alaska
Secondary Breeding AreanonenonenoneAtlantic Coast to Nebraska and DakotasnoneSW AlbertaIdaho, Oregon, UtahnoneCoastal islands of SE Alaska and British Columbia
Primary Wintering AreaCubaFloridaMississippiFlorida to Indiana and TennesseeTexas plains and gulf coast and Norther MexicoNew MexicoArizona and CaliforniaCentral Valley of CaliforniaCentral Valley of California
Secondary Wintering AreaCubaGeorgiaMississippis OntarioArizona, Kansas, New Mexico, OklahomaNorthern Mexico, Arizona, and Coloradononesw WashingtonAreas surrounding Central Valley
Migration RouteN/AN/AN/AMississippi and Atlantic FlywaysMississippi, Central and Pacific FlywaysCentral and Pacific FlywaysPacific FlywayPacific FlywayPacific Flyway
Major Stopover AreaN/AN/AN/AJasper-Pulaski State Fish and Wildlife Area, Indiana; Hiawasse State Wildlife Refuge, Tennessee.North Platte and Platte River valleys, Nebraska; San Luis Valley, ColoradoSan Luis Valley, ColoradoLund, NevadaRidgefield NWR and Shilapoo-Vancouver Lake Wildlife Resource Area, Washington; Sauvie Island, OregonCoastal British Columbia and Washington
Overlapping Breeding PopulationsnonenonenoneMCPEFPLCRVP likely but unconfirmedRMP and CVP possible but unconfirmedPFP confirmed, LCRVP possible but unconfirmedMCP, CVP
Overlapping Wintering PopulationsnoneEFPnoneFPRMPMCPnonePFPCVP
Current Population Trendstable4declining5stable to increasing due to augmentation6increasing7stable7stable7stable7unknownunknown
Most Recent Population Estimates (year)526 (2002)44594 (2003)5105 (2012)687796 (2012)7356,742 (2012)815,417 (2012)73,079 (2013)713,940 (2000)9≤ 25,00010
Population Estimates from 1992 BNA account< 200114,000-6,00012105 (2012)624,000-26,00014≥ 560,0001518,000-10,000161,400-2,100175,000-7,00018≤ 25,00010
Status (Endangered, Hunted, Not Hunted)19EPEHHHHHH