Terms of Service

Before using or subscribing to Birds of North America, please review the following terms and conditions which define your rights, responsibilities and benefits as a user of this online database.

BNA Terms of Service

The entire contents of Birds of North America (BNA) is copyrighted material that is licensed to you or your institution/organization for use subject to the terms listed below and (if appropriate) those terms listed within your institution's/organization's License Agreement. This is a limited license; you have only the specified use rights and all other rights are retained by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology (CLO). You must treat this software and database and its contents including images like any other copyrighted material, such as a book or musical recording. Any other use, duplication, or distribution of this product or its contents in any medium and by any means violates applicable U.S. or international copyright laws, and may subject you to prosecution under penalty of law. No hyperlink to this site may be established and no part of the content of this site may be framed within any other site without CLO's prior written permission.

Birds of North America is operated by a nonprofit publisher. Misappropriation for commercial use or further distribution is strictly prohibited. By entering the site you are agreeing to these terms. The following are prohibited by law: any reproduction of any media except as licensed; any theatrical, televised, or public display or performance, including unlicensed transmission of any material over a computer network; the preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction in whole or in part of any material without the permission of the copyright holder.

Changed Terms:

CLO shall have the right at any time to change or modify the terms and conditions applicable to your use of Birds of North America or to impose new conditions with respect to such use. CLO shall have the right at any time to change or discontinue any aspect or feature of Birds of North America, including but not limited to content, functionality, hours of availability, and equipment needed for access or use. Such changes, modifications, or additions shall be effective immediately upon notice thereof, which may be given by means including but not limited to posting on Birds of North America, electronic or conventional mail, or any means by which you obtain actual knowledge. Any use of Birds of North America by you after such notice shall be deemed to constitute acceptance by you of such changes, modifications, or additions.

Disclaimer of Warranty; Limitation of Liability:

Neither CLO, its affiliates, nor any third-party content providers or licensors makes any warranty whatsoever, including, without limitation, that the operation of Birds of North America will be uninterrupted or error-free; or as to the accuracy, reliability, availability, suitability, quality, or operation of any information, software, or service provided on or accessible from Birds of North America.

Birds of North America is provided "as is" without warranties of any kind, express or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of title and noninfringement and the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Your use of Birds of North America is at your sole risk.