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White-winged Dove

Zenaida asiatica

Order:
Columbiformes
Family:
Columbidae
Sections
  • Version: 2.0 — Published January 1, 2002
  • T. W. Schwertner, H. A. Mathewson, J. A. Roberson, and G. L. Waggerman
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White-winged Dove, Abundance map
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Data provided by eBird

White-winged Dove

Zenaida asiatica

Abundance

This map depicts the seasonally-averaged estimated relative abundance, defined as the expected count on a one-hour, one kilometer eBird Traveling Count conducted at the ideal time of day for detection of that species in a region.  Learn more

Relative abundance
birds per km/hr
Year-round
0.2
2.72
816.65
Breeding season
May 10 - Aug 31
0.2
2.72
816.65
Non-breeding season
Nov 16 - Jan 18
0.2
2.72
816.65
Pre-breeding migratory season
Jan 25 - May 3
0.2
2.72
816.65
Post-breeding migratory season
Sep 7 - Oct 19
0.2
2.72
816.65
Note: Seasonal ranges overlap and are stacked in the order above; view full range in season maps.
Seasons timeline
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Adult White-winged Dove

; photographer Kevin T. Karlson

This large, semitropical dove ranges from the southernmost U.S. and Mexico (where it is partially migratory) south through Central America and much of the West Indies. In the United States, the White-winged Dove occurred historically only in the southern regions of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Prior to the 1980s, its area of greatest abundance and density was the lower Rio Grande valley of South Texas, where it was a popular game species. Since that time, however, the species has expanded its range north-ward and can now be found breeding throughout much of the southern United States, as far north as Oklahoma. A growing human population in the southern United States during the final decades of the twentieth century brought increased agriculture and ornamental trees, providing additional feeding and nesting habitat for the species and perhaps contributing to its northward expansion.

An extensive and detailed life history of the White-winged Dove can be found in Cottam and Trefethen 1968. A more concise and recent summary of White-winged Dove ecology, emphasizing its game bird status, is in George et al. 1994. This account focuses on the North and Middle American populations of White-winged Dove as currently classified by the American Ornithologists' Union (American Ornithologists' Union 1998a). The disjunct populations of Pacific coastal South America, known as Pacific Dove (Zenaida meloda), are vocally, morphologically, and genetically distinct, and currently considered a separate species by the American Ornithologists' Union (see Systematics, below).

Recommended Citation

Schwertner, T. W., H. A. Mathewson, J. A. Roberson, and G. L. Waggerman (2002). White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.710