Although forest distribution in the w. U.S. has been altered by logging, fire exclusion, and conversion to nonforested habitats, there are no evident large-scale or long-term population trends for this species (Brawn and Balda 1988b, Raphael et al. 1988, Droege and Sauer 1990a, Hejl 1994). In El Salvador, populations are threatened with extirpation owing to habitat loss (Komar 1998). This species frequents bird feeders in many areas but density and reproduction are low in suburban areas compared with forested landscapes (Vigallon and Marzluff 2005a); not known how supplemental food affects survivorship.
No management for this species. In some areas, individuals may consume garden produce and orchard and nut crops (Beal 1910). Crops can be protected with netting. In temperate portions of the range, Steller's Jay may pose a conservation threat to other rarer birds (e.g., Marbled Murrelet, Brachyramphus marmoratus) or birds breeding in rare habitats (e.g. riparian-dependent species) by preying on eggs and nestlings; land managers may want to take into consideration the effects of fragmentation, edges, and areas of human activity (e.g. campgrounds) on predator abundance (Raphael et al. 2002a, Cain et al. 2003, Hebert and Golightly 2007, Malt and Lank 2007).