Although forest distribution in the w. U.S. has been altered by logging, fire exclusion, and conversion to nonforested habitats, there are no evident large-scale or long-term population trends for this species ( Brawn and Balda 1988b , Raphael et al. 1988 , Droege and Sauer 1990a , Hejl 1994 ). In El Salvador, populations are threatened with extirpation owing to habitat loss ( Komar 1998 ). This species frequents bird feeders in many areas but density and reproduction are low in suburban areas compared with forested landscapes ( Vigallon and Marzluff 2005a ); not known how supplemental food affects survivorship.
No management for this species. In some areas, individuals may consume garden produce and orchard and nut crops ( Beal 1910 ). Crops can be protected with netting. In temperate portions of the range, Steller's Jay may pose a conservation threat to other rarer birds (e.g., Marbled Murrelet, Brachyramphus marmoratus) or birds breeding in rare habitats (e.g. riparian-dependent species) by preying on eggs and nestlings; land managers may want to take into consideration the effects of fragmentation, edges, and areas of human activity (e.g. campgrounds) on predator abundance ( Raphael et al. 2002a , Cain et al. 2003 , Hebert and Golightly 2007 , Malt and Lank 2007 ).