Saltmarsh Sparrow

Ammospiza caudacuta


About the Author(s)

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Jon S. Greenlaw, a Professor (Emeritus) of Biology at Long Island University in New York, has a B.A. in Zoology from the University of Maine, Orono, and a Ph.D. in Ecology and Animal Behavior from Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. His research has focused on the evolution of social systems in marshland sparrows, comparative display behavior in emberizine sparrows, and avian trophic relationships to habitats and landscapes in northern Maine. He is the senior author of the book The Robertson and Woolfenden Florida Bird Species: An Annotated List (Florida Ornithological Society, Special Publication No. 8). He currently resides in Tampa, Florida. E-mail:

Chris Elphick received a B.Sc. from the University of East Anglia and a Ph.D. from the University of Nevada Reno. He has been at the University of Connecticut since 1998, where he is a faculty member in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. His work focuses on the conservation ecology of birds, especially in wetlands, farmland, and forests. He has studied coastal marsh birds since 2002 and is a lead investigator for the Saltmarsh Habitat and Avian Research Program, a collaborative initiative to improve understanding and conservation of this group along the Atlantic seaboard. Book length projects include the Sibley Guide to Bird Life and Behavior, the Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Nevada, and the Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Rice Fields: A Global Review. E-mail:

William Post is a retired curator of birds at the Charleston Museum, has an A.B. from Harvard University, and a Ph.D. in zoology from North Carolina State University. His main research interest is the breeding systems of birds. He has conducted life history studies of the Seaside Sparrow, Yellow-shouldered Blackbird, Boat-tailed Grackle, and Shiny Cowbird. He is the senior author of the book Status and Distribution of South Carolina Birds (Contributions from the Charleston Museum XVIII). He lives on Sullivan Island, South Carolina, and in upstate New York. Email:

The late James D. Rising received his B.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Kansas. After a year of postdoctoral work at Cornell University, he became professor at the University of Toronto, Department of Zoology, where he taught for over 40 years. His research spanned a variety of topics, including hybrid zones in the Great Plains and studies of geographic variation, and has included extensive work on geographic variation in sharp-tailed sparrows, and systematics of birds, especially the New World sparrows. He was the author of A Guide to the Identification and Natural History of the Sparrows of the United States and Canada (Academic Press) and co-author of several sparrow, finch, and tanager identification guides for Princeton University, as well as the Emberizidae section of Volume 16 of the Handbook of the Birds of the World (Lynx, Barcelona, Spain).

Recommended Citation

Greenlaw, J. S., C. S. Elphick, W. Post, and J. D. Rising (2018). Saltmarsh Sparrow (Ammospiza caudacuta), version 2.1. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.