Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra



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Literature Cited

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8. Benkman, C. W., W. C. Holimon, and J. W. Smith. (2001). The influence of a competitor on the geographic mosaic of coevolution between crossbills and lodgepole pine. Evolution 55:282-294.

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Additional References

Alonso, D., J. Arizaga, R. Miranda, and M. A. Hernández (2006). Morphological diversification of Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra populations within Iberia and the Balearics. Ardea 94:99-107.

Benkman, C. W. (1988d). Seed handling ability, bill structure, and the cost of specialization for crossbills. Auk 105:715-719.

Björklund, M., D. Alonso, and P. Edelaar (2013). The genetic structure of crossbills suggests rapid diversification with little niche conservatism. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 109:908-922.

Borrás, A., J. Cabrera, and J. C. Senar (2008). Local divergence between Mediterranean crossbills occurring in two different species of pine. Ardeola 55:169-177.

Edelaar, P., and K. Terpstra (2004). Is the nominate subspecies of the Common Crossbill Loxia c. curvirostra polytypic? I. Morphological differences among years at a single site. Ardea 92:93-102.

Hahn, T. P., J. Wingfield, R. Mullen, and P. Deviche. (1995). Endocrine bases of spatial and temporal opportunities in Arctic-breeding birds. American Zoology 35:259-273.

Hynes, D. P., and E. H. Miller (2014). Vocal distinctiveness of the Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) on the island of Newfoundland, Canada. Auk 131:421-433.

James, P. C., T. W. Barry, A. R. Smith, and S. J. Barry. (1987b). Bill crossover ratios in Canadian crossbills Loxia spp. Ornis Scandinavica 18:310-312.

Massa, B. (1987). Variations in Mediterranean crossbills Loxia curvirostra. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 107:118-128.

McNair, D. B. (1988e). Review of breeding records of Red Crossbill and Pine Siskin in the southern Appalachian Mountains and adjacent regions. Migrant 59:105-113.

Mezquida, E. T., and C. W. Benkman (2014). Causes of variation in biotic interaction strength and phenotypic selection along an altitudinal gradient. Evolution 68:1710-1721.

Miller, A. H. (1932d). Fossil passerine birds from the Pleistocene of Carpinteria, California. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bull., Dept. Geol. Sci. 21:169-194.

Parchman, T. L., C. W. Benkman, and S. C. Britch. (2006). Patterns of genetic variation in the adaptive radiation of New World crossbills (Aves: Loxia). Molecular Ecology 15:1873-1887.

Pulliainen, E. (1971). Winter nutrition of crossbills (Loxia curvirostra and L. leucoptera) in northeastern Lapland in 1969. Annales Zoologici Fennici 8:326-329.

Pulliainen, E. (1972). Summer nutrition of crossbills (Loxia pytyopsittacus, L. curvirostra and L. leucoptera) in northeastern Lapland in 1971. Annales Zoologici Fennici 9:28-31.

Questiau, S., L. Gielly, M. Clouet, and P. Taberlet (1999). Phylogeographical evidence of gene flow among Common Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra, Aves, Fringillidae) populations at the continental level. Heredity 83:196-205.

Tordoff, H. B. and W. R. Dawson. (1965). The influence of day length on reproductive timing in the Red Crossbill. Condor 67:416-422.

Young, M. A. 2010. First documented occurrences of Red Crossbill Types 1, 2, 3, and 10 in New Hampshire. New Hampshire Bird Records 4:43-50.

Yuri, T., and D. P. Mindell. (2002). Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Fringillidae, "New World nine-primaried oscines" (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23:229-243.

Recommended Citation

Benkman, C. W. and M. A. Young (2019). Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.