Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra

Order:
Passeriformes
Family:
Fringillidae
Sections

References

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Literature Cited

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2. Groth, J. G. (1988). Resolution of cryptic species of Appalachian Red Crossbills. Condor 90:745-760.

3. Groth, J. G. (1993b). Evolutionary differentiation in morphology, vocalizations, and allozymes among nomadic sibling species in the North American Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) complex. University of California Publications in Zoology 127:1-143.

4. Benkman, C. W. (1993a). Adaptation to single resources and the evolution of crossbill (Loxia) diversity. Ecological Monographs 63:305–325. https://doi.org/10.2307/2937103

5. Benkman, C. W. (2003). Divergent selection drives the adaptive radiation of crossbills. Evolution 57:1176-1181.

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7. Benkman, C. W., and R. E. Miller (1996). Morphological evolution in response to fluctuating selection. Evolution 50:2499–2504.

8. Benkman, C. W., W. C. Holimon, and J. W. Smith. (2001). The influence of a competitor on the geographic mosaic of coevolution between crossbills and lodgepole pine. Evolution 55:282-294.

9. Young, M., and T. Spahr. (2017). Crossbills of North America: Species and Red Crossbill call types. eBird [online]. https://ebird.org/news/crossbills-of-north-america-species-and-red-crossbill-call-types/

10. Parchman, T. L., C. A. Buerkle, V. Soria-Carrasco, and C. W. Benkman (2016). Genome divergence and diversification within a geographic mosaic of coevolution. Molecular Ecology 25:5705–5718.

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12. Benkman, C. W., J. W. Smith, P. C. Keenan, T. L. Parchman, and L. Santisteban. (2009). A new species of the Red Crossbill (Fringillidae: Loxia) from Idaho. Condor 111:169-176. https://doi.org/10.1525/cond.2009.080042

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19. Hahn, T. P. (1998). Reproductive seasonality in an opportunistic breeder, the Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra. Ecology 79:2365-2375. https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079[2365:rsiaob]2.0.co;2

20. Santisteban, L., C. W. Benkman, T. Fetz, and J. W. Smith (2012). Survival and population size of a resident bird species are declining as temperature increases. Journal of Animal Ecology 81:352-363. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01918.x

21. Smith, J. W., C. W. Benkman and K. Coffey. (1999c). The use and misuse of public information by foraging Red Crossbills. Behavioral Ecology 10:54-62.

22. Smith, J. W., S. M. Sjoberg, M. C. Mueller, and C. W. Benkman (2012). Assortative flocking in crossbills and implications for ecological speciation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 279:4223-4229. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.1500

23. Snowberg, L. K., and C. W. Benkman (2007). The role of marker traits in the assortative mating within Red Crossbills, Loxia curvirostra complex. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:1924-1932. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2007.01372.x

24. Sewall, K. B. (2009). Limited adult vocal learning maintains call dialects but permits pair-distinctive calls in Red Crossbills. Animal Behaviour 77:1303-1311.

25. Parchman, T. L., P. Edelaar, K. Uckele, E. T. Mezquida, D. Alonso, J. P. Jahner, R. W. Summers, and C. W. Benkman. (2018). Resource stability and geographic isolation are associated with genome divergence in western Palearctic crossbills. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 31:1715-1731. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13367

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45. Benkman, C. W. (1988a). A 3:1 ratio of mandible crossing direction in White-winged Crossbills. Auk 105:578-579.

46. Benkman, C. W. (1996). Are the ratios of bill crossing morphs in crossbills the result of frequency-dependent selection? Evolutionary Ecology 10:119-126. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01239352

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48. Parchman, T. L., and C. W. Benkman (2002). Diversifying coevolution between crossbills and black spruce on Newfoundland. Evolution 56 (8):1663-1672.

49. Summers, R. W., R. J. G. Dawson, and R. E. Phillips (2007). Assortative mating and patterns of inheritance indicate that the three crossbill taxa in Scotland are species. Journal of Avian Biology 38:153-162. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2007.0908-8857.03798.x

50. Marquiss, M., and R. Rae. (2002) Ecological differentiation in relation to bill size amongst sympatric, genetically undifferentiated crossbills Loxia spp. Ibis 144:494–508. 

51. Cornelius, J. M., and T. P. Hahn (2012). Seasonal pre-migratory fattening and increased activity in a nomadic and irruptive migrant, the Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra. Ibis 154:693-702. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2012.01266.x

52. Benkman, C. W. (2012). White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.27

53. Monson, G., and A. R. Phillips. (1981b). The races of the Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra, in Arizona. In Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Arizona. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ, USA. pp. 223-230.

54. Payne, R. B. (1987). Populations and type specimens of a nomadic bird: comments on the North American crossbills Loxia pusilla Gloger 1834 and Crucirostra minor Brehm 1845 Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 714.

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Additional References

Alonso, D., J. Arizaga, R. Miranda, and M. A. Hernández (2006). Morphological diversification of Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra populations within Iberia and the Balearics. Ardea 94:99-107.

Benkman, C. W. (1988d). Seed handling ability, bill structure, and the cost of specialization for crossbills. Auk 105:715-719.

Björklund, M., D. Alonso, and P. Edelaar (2013). The genetic structure of crossbills suggests rapid diversification with little niche conservatism. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 109:908-922. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12097

Borrás, A., J. Cabrera, and J. C. Senar (2008). Local divergence between Mediterranean crossbills occurring in two different species of pine. Ardeola 55:169-177.

Edelaar, P., and K. Terpstra (2004). Is the nominate subspecies of the Common Crossbill Loxia c. curvirostra polytypic? I. Morphological differences among years at a single site. Ardea 92:93-102.

Hahn, T. P., J. Wingfield, R. Mullen, and P. Deviche. (1995). Endocrine bases of spatial and temporal opportunities in Arctic-breeding birds. American Zoology 35:259-273.

Hynes, D. P., and E. H. Miller (2014). Vocal distinctiveness of the Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) on the island of Newfoundland, Canada. Auk 131:421-433. https://doi.org/10.1642/auk-13-224.1

James, P. C., T. W. Barry, A. R. Smith, and S. J. Barry. (1987b). Bill crossover ratios in Canadian crossbills Loxia spp. Ornis Scandinavica 18:310-312.

Massa, B. (1987). Variations in Mediterranean crossbills Loxia curvirostra. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 107:118-128.

McNair, D. B. (1988e). Review of breeding records of Red Crossbill and Pine Siskin in the southern Appalachian Mountains and adjacent regions. Migrant 59:105-113.

Mezquida, E. T., and C. W. Benkman (2014). Causes of variation in biotic interaction strength and phenotypic selection along an altitudinal gradient. Evolution 68:1710-1721. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.12394

Miller, A. H. (1932d). Fossil passerine birds from the Pleistocene of Carpinteria, California. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bull., Dept. Geol. Sci. 21:169-194.

Parchman, T. L., C. W. Benkman, and S. C. Britch. (2006). Patterns of genetic variation in the adaptive radiation of New World crossbills (Aves: Loxia). Molecular Ecology 15:1873-1887.

Pulliainen, E. (1971). Winter nutrition of crossbills (Loxia curvirostra and L. leucoptera) in northeastern Lapland in 1969. Annales Zoologici Fennici 8:326-329.

Pulliainen, E. (1972). Summer nutrition of crossbills (Loxia pytyopsittacus, L. curvirostra and L. leucoptera) in northeastern Lapland in 1971. Annales Zoologici Fennici 9:28-31.

Questiau, S., L. Gielly, M. Clouet, and P. Taberlet (1999). Phylogeographical evidence of gene flow among Common Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra, Aves, Fringillidae) populations at the continental level. Heredity 83:196-205. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.hdy.6885510

Tordoff, H. B. and W. R. Dawson. (1965). The influence of day length on reproductive timing in the Red Crossbill. Condor 67:416-422.

Young, M. A. 2010. First documented occurrences of Red Crossbill Types 1, 2, 3, and 10 in New Hampshire. New Hampshire Bird Records 4:43-50.

Yuri, T., and D. P. Mindell. (2002). Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Fringillidae, "New World nine-primaried oscines" (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23:229-243.

Recommended Citation

Benkman, C. W. and M. A. Young (2019). Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.redcro.02