Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra


About the Author(s)

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Craig W. Benkman completed his B.A. at the University of California at Berkeley in 1978, his M.S. at Northern Arizona University in 1982, and his Ph.D. at SUNY Albany in 1985. He started studies on crossbills as a Ph.D. student and continued them as a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in Environmental Biology at Princeton University. Subsequently, he has conducted research mostly on the Red Crossbill, first as a NATO NSF and NSERC International Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of British Columbia, and then as a professor at New Mexico State University. Currently he is a Professor of Zoology and Physiology and the Robert B. Berry Distinguished Chair in Ecology at the University of Wyoming. E-mail:

Matthew A. Young has lived in Central New York much of the past 20 years and it was during this time when he started studying everything from birds to bogs and fens. Matt received his B.S. in Water Resources from SUNY-Oneonta and his M.S. in Ornithology from the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry in 2003. Matt did his masters research on avian diversity in restored wetlands of central New York. He was a Regional Editor of the Kingbird, the state ornithological journal in New York, teaches an Intro to Birding class for Cornell University, and in 2008 he was an Adjunct Professor in Environmental Studies at SUNY-Cortland. He now works at the Macaulay Library as a Collections Management Leader/Audio Engineer at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. He has written many finch accounts in breeding bird atlases for several northeastern states and has recently published papers about the Red Crossbill vocal complex. E-mail:

Recommended Citation

Benkman, C. W. and M. A. Young (2019). Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.