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Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

Order:
Anseriformes
Family:
Anatidae
Sections

References

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Ackerman, J. T., J. M. Eadie and T. G. Moore. (2006a). Does life history predict risk-taking behavior of wintering dabbling ducks? Condor 108 (3):530-546.

Ackerman, J. T., J. M. Eadie, G. S. Yarris, D. L. Loughman and M. R. McLandress. (2003). Cues for investment: Nest desertion in response to partial clutch depredation in dabbling ducks. Animal Behaviour 66:871-883.

Afton, A. D. (1978). Incubation rhythms and egg temperatures of an American Green-winged Teal and a renesting Pintail. Prairie Nat. 10:115-119.

Alexander, S. A., R. S. Freemason and K. J. McCormick. (1991). Key migratory bird terrestrial habitat sites in the Northwest Territories. Ottawa: Can. Wildl. Serv. Occas. Pap. No. 71.

Alford III, J. R. and E. G. Bolen. (1977). Influence of winter temperatures on Pintail sex ratios in Texas. Southwest. Nat. 21:554-556.

Alison, R. M. and J. P. Prevett. (1976). Occurrences of duck hybrids at James Bay. Auk 93:643-644.

Anderson, D. R. and R. T. Sterling. (1974). Population dynamics of molting Pintail drakes banded in south-central Saskatchewan. J. Wildl. Manage. 38:266-274.

Anderson, J. T. and B. M. Ballard. (2006). Survival and habitat use of female Northern Pintails wintering along the central coast of Texas: Final report. Kingsville: Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute.

Anderson, W. L., S. P. Havera and B. W. Zercher. (2000c). Ingestion of lead and nontoxic shotgun pellets by ducks in the Mississippi Flyway. Journal of Wildlife Management 64 (3):848-857.

Anderson, W. L., S. P. Havera and R. A. Montgomery. (1987b). Incidence of ingested shot in waterfowl in the Mississippi Flyway, 1977-79. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 15:181-188.

Baldassarre, G. A. and E. G. Bolen. (1984). Field-feeding ecology of waterfowl wintering on the southern high plains of Texas. J. Wildl. Manage. 48:63-71.

Ballard, B. M., J. E. Thompson and M. J. Petrie. (2006). Carcass composition and digestive-tract dynamics of Northern Pintails wintering along the lower Texas coast. Journal of Wildlife Management 70 (5):1316-1324.

Ballard, B. M., J. E. Thompson, M. J. Petrie, M. Chekett and D. G. Hewitt. (2004). Diet and nutrition of Northern Pintails wintering along the southern coast of Texas. Journal of Wildlife Management 68 (2):371-382.

Beauchamp, W. D., R. R. Koford, T. D. Nudds, R. G. Clark and D. H. Johnson. (1996a). Long-term declines in nest success of prairie ducks. J. Wildl. Manage. 60:247-257.

Bellrose, F. C. (1959). Lead poisoning as a mortality factor in waterfowl populations. Illinois Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 27:235-288.

Bellrose, F. C. (1974). The effect of short-term weather conditions on the migration of waterfowl. Washington, D.C: U.S. Dep. Transport., Fed. Aviation Admin.

Bellrose, F. C. (1980). Ducks, geese, and swans of North America. Rev. ed. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books.

Bellrose, F. C., F. L. Paveglio, Jr., and D. W. Steffeck. (1979). Waterfowl populations and the changing environment of the Illinois River Valley. Illinois Natural Historical Survey Bulletin 32:1-54.

Bennett, G. F., D. J. Nieman, B. Turner, E. Kuyt, M. Whiteway and E. C. Greiner. (1982b). Blood parasites of prairie anatids and their implication in waterfowl management in Alberta and Saskatchewan. J. Wildl. Dis. 18:287-296.

Bent, A. C. (1923). Life histories of North American wildfowl: Order Anseres (Part 1). U.S. Natl. Mus. Bull. 126.

Bethke, R. W. and T. D. Nudds. (1995). Effects of climate change and land use on duck abundance in Canadian prairie-parklands. Ecological Applications 5 (3):588-600.

Blais, S., M. Guillemain, D. Durant, H. Fritz and N. Guillon. (2001). Growth and plumage development of Pintail ducklings. Wildfowl 52:69-86.

Bollinger, T. K., D. D. Evelsizer, K. W. Dufour, C. Soos, R. G. Clark, G. Wobeser, F. P. Kehoe, K. L. Guyn and M. J. Pybus. (2011). Ecology and management of avian botulism on the Canadian Prairies. Report to Prairie Habitat Joint Venture, August 2011.

Bossenmaier, E. F. and W. H. Marshall. (1958). Field-feeding by waterfowl in southeastern Manitoba. Wildl. Monogr. 1.

Brand, C. J. (1984). Avian cholera in the central Mississippi Flyways during 1979-80. J. Wildl. Manage. 48:399-406.

Braune, B. M. and B. J. Malone. (2006a). Mercury and selenium in livers of waterfowl harvested in northern Canada. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 50 (2):284-289.

Bristol, J. R., L. F. Mayberry, R. Bueno and A. G. Canaris. (1981). Coccidia of surface-feeding ducks from the Central Flyway, Texas. J. Parasitol. 67:276-277.

Brown, D. E. (1985b). Arizona wetlands and waterfowl. Tucson: Univ. of Arizona Press.

Burris, F. A. (1991). Diet and behavior of subarctic Northern Pintails in relation to nutritional requirements. Master's Thesis, Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks.

Calverley, B. K. and D. A. Boag. (1977). Reproductive potential in parkland and arctic nesting populations of Mallards and Pintails (Anatidae). Can. J. Zool. 55:1242-1251.

Campbell, R. W., N. K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J. M. Cooper, G. W. Kaiser and M. C. E. McNall (1990). The birds of British Columbia, Vol. 2. Diurnal birds of prey through woodpeckers. Victoria: R. Br. Columbia Mus.

Carney, S. M. (1992). Species, age and sex identification of ducks using wing plumage. Washington, D.C: U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv.

Chabreck, R. H. (1965). Sacrosporidiosis in ducks in Louisiana. Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Conf. 30:174-182.

Charnetski, W. A. (1976). Organochlorine insecticide residues in ducklings and their dilution by growth. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 16:138-144.

Clark, R. G., K. A. Hobson and L. I. Wassenaar. (2006b). Geographic variation in the isotopic (?D, ?13C, ?15N, ?34S) composition of feathers and claws from Lesser Scaup and Northern Pintail: Implications for studies of migratory connectivity. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84 (10):1395-1401.

Clark, R. G., K. A. Hobson and L. I. Wassenaar. (2009). Corrigendum: Geographic variation in the isotopic (?D, ?13C, ?15N, ?34S) composition of feathers and claws from Lesser Scaup and Northern Pintail: Implications for studies of migratory connectivity. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87 (6):553-554.

Coates, P. S., M. L. Casazza, B. J. Halstead and J. P. Fleskes. 2012. Relative value of managed wetlands and tidal marshlands for wintering Northern Pintails. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 3 (1):98-109.

Cooke, M. T. (1937a). Flight speeds of birds. U.S. Dep. Agric. Circ. 428.

Coues, E. (1874). Birds of the northwest: a handbook of the ornithology of the region drained by the Missouri River and its tributaries. U.S. Dep. Interior, U.S. Geol. Surv. of Terr., Misc. Publ. 3.

Cox, Jr., R. R. (1993). Postbreeding ecology of adult male Northern Pintails and Cinnamon Teal near Great Salt Lake, Utah. Master's Thesis, Utah State Univ., Logan.

Cox, Jr., R. R. and A. D. Afton. (1997). Use of habitats by female Northern Pintails wintering in southwestern Louisiana. Journal of Wildlife Management 61 (2):435-443.

Cox, R. R. and A. D. Afton. (1996). Evening flights of female Northern Pintails from a major roost site. Condor 98 (4):810-819.

Cox, R. R. and A. D. Afton. (2000). Predictable interregional movements by female Northern Pintails during winter. Waterbirds 23 (2):258-269.

Cox, R. R., A. D. Afton and R. M. Pace. (1998b). Survival of female Northern Pintails wintering in southwestern Louisiana. Journal of Wildlife Management 62 (4):1512-1521.

Cramp, S. (1977). Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa: the birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Cronin, M. A., J. B. Grand, D. Esler, D. V. Derksen and K. T. Scribner. (1996). Breeding populations of Northern Pintails have similar mitochondrial DNA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 74 (6):992-999.

Debruyckere, L. A. (1988). Feeding ecology of Northern Pintails (Anas acuta), American Wigeon (Anas americana), and Long-billed Dowitchers (Limnodromus scolopaceus) on Selawik National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. Master's Thesis, Univ. of Maine, Orono.

Dekker, D. (1987). Peregrine Falcon predation on ducks in Alberta and British Columbia. J. Wildl. Manage. 51:156-159.

Derksen, D. V. and W. D. Eldridge. (1980). Drought-displacement of Pintails to the arctic coastal plain, Alaska. J. Wildl. Manage. 44:224-229.

Derrickson, S. R. (1977). Aspects of breeding behavior in the Pintail (Anas acuta). Phd Thesis, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul.

Derrickson, S. R. (1978). The mobility of breeding Pintails. Auk 95:104-114.

Deuel, B. (1985). Experimental lead dosing of Northern Pintails in California. Calif. Fish and Game 71:125-128.

Devries, J. H., L. M. Armstrong, R. J. Macfarlane, L. Moats and P. T. Thoroughgood. (2008). Waterfowl nesting in fall-seeded and spring-seeded cropland in Saskatchewan. Journal of Wildlife Management 72 (8):1790-1797.

Drever, M. C. and R. G. Clark. (2007). Spring temperature, clutch initiation date and duck nest success: A test of the mismatch hypothesis. Journal of Animal Ecology 76 (1):139-148.

Ducks Unlimited, Inc. (1990). SPRIG: Population recovery strategy for the Northern Pintail. Long Grove, IL: Ducks Unlimited, Inc.

Duncan, D. C. (1983). Extensive overland movement of Pintail, Anas acuta, brood and attempted predation by hawks. Can. Field-Nat. 97:216-217.

Duncan, D. C. (1985). Differentiating yearling from adult Northern Pintails by wing-feather characteristics. J. Wildl. Manage. 49:576-579.

Duncan, D. C. (1986d). Survival of dabbling duck broods on prairie impoundments in southeastern Alberta. Can. Field-Nat. 100:110-113.

Duncan, D. C. (1987a). Nest-site distribution and overland brood movements of Northern Pintails in Alberta. J. Wildl. Manage. 51:716-723.

Duncan, D. C. (1987b). Nesting of Northern Pintails in Alberta: laying date, clutch size, and renesting. Can. J. Zool. 65:234-246.

Duncan, D. C. (1987c). Variation and heritability in egg size of the Northern Pintail. Can. J. Zool. 65:992-996.

Duncan, D. C. (1988a). Body reserves of neonate Northern Pintails (Anas acuta). Can. J. Zool. 66:811-816.

Dwernychuk, L. W. and D. A. Boag. (1972b). How vegetative cover protects duck nests from egg-eating birds. J. Wildl. Manage. 36:955-958.

Eberhardt, L. E. and A. B. Sargeant. (1977). "Mink predation on prairie marshes during the waterfowl breeding season." In Proceedings of the 1975 Predator Symposium, Missoula, Montana, 33-43. Missoula: Montanan For. cons. Exp. Sta, Univ. of Montana.

Erskine, A. J. (1992a). Atlas of breeding birds of the Maritime Provinces. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia Museum.

Esler, D. and J. B. Grand. (1994b). The role of nutrient reserves for clutch formation by Northern Pintails in Alaska. Condor 96:422-432.

Euliss, Jr., N. H. and S. W. Harris. (1987). Feeding ecology of Northern Pintails and Green-winged Teal wintering in California. J. Wildl. Manage. 51:724-732.

Fedynich, A. M., Jr. Godfrey, R. D. and E. G. Bolen. (1989). Homing of anatids during the nonbreeding season to the Southern High Plains. J. Wildl. Manage. 53:1104-1110.

Fish, U.S., Wildlife Service and Canadian Wildlife Service. (1992). Status of waterfowl and fall flight forecast. Washington, D.C: U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv.

Fish, U.S., Wildlife Service and Canadian Wildlife Service. (1994). Status of waterfowl and fall flight forecast. Washington, D.C: U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv.

Fleskes, J. P., D. S. Gilmer and R. L. Jarvis. (2004). Habitat selection by female Northern Pintails wintering in the Grassland Ecological Area, California. California Fish and Game 90 (1):13-28.

Fleskes, J. P., D. S. Gilmer and R. L. Jarvis. (2005a). Pintail distribution and selection of marsh types at Mendota Wildlife Area during fall and winter. California Fish and Game 91 (4):270-285.

Fleskes, J. P., J. L. Yee, G. S. Yarris, M. R. Miller and M. L. Casazza. (2007). Pintail and Mallard survival in California relative to habitat, abundance, and hunting. Journal of Wildlife Management 71 (7):2238-2248.

Fleskes, J. P., J. L. Yee, M. L. Casazza, M. R. Miller, J. Y. Takekawa and D. L. Orthmeyer. (2005b). Waterfowl distribution, movements and habitat use relative to recent habitat changes in the Central Valley of California: A cooperative project to investigate impacts of the Central Valley Habitat Joint Venture and changing agricultural practices on the ecology of wintering waterfowl. Final report. Dixon: U.S. Geological Survey - Western Ecological Research Center, Dixon Field Station.

Fleskes, J. P., R. L. Jarvis and D. S. Gilmer. (2002). Distribution and movements of female Northern Pintails radiotagged in San Joaquin Valley, California. Journal of Wildlife Management 66 (1):138-152.

Fleskes, J. P., R. L. Jarvis and D. S. Gilmer. (2003). Selection of flooded agricultural fields and other landscapes by female Northern Pintails wintering in Tulare Basin, California. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31 (3):793-803.

Flint, P. L. and J. B. Grand. (1996a). Nesting success of Northern Pintails on the coastal Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Condor 98 (1):54-60.

Flint, P. L. and J. B. Grand. (1996b). Variation in egg size of the Northern Pintail. Condor 98 (1):162-165.

Flint, P. L., J. B. Grand and R. F. Rockwell. (1998a). A model of Northern Pintail productivity and population growth rate. Journal of Wildlife Management 62 (3):1110-1118.

Floyd, T., C. S. Elphick, G. Chisholm, K. Mack, R. G. Elston, E. M. Ammon, and J. D. Boone (2007). Atlas of the breeding birds of Nevada. University of Nevada Press, Reno and Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Friend, M. (1987a). Field guide to wildlife diseases: General field procedures and diseases of migratory birds. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Resour. Publ. 167.

Fuller, R. W. (1953). Studies in the life history and ecology of the American Pintail (Anas acuta tzitzihoa Vieillot) in Utah. Master's Thesis, Utah State Agric. Coll., Logan.

Gajadhar, A. A., R. J. Cawthorn, G. A. Wobeser and P. H. G. Stockdale. (1983). Prevalence of renal coccidia in wild waterfowl in Saskatchewan. Can. J. Zool. 61:2631-2633.

Glendron, M. (2007). "Northern Pintail." In Atlas of the breeding birds of Ontario, 2001-2005, edited by M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage and A. R. Couturier, 84-85. Toronto: Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature.

Godfrey, Jr., R. D. and A. M. Fedynich. (1987). Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus) predation on wintering waterfowl. J. Raptor Res. 21:72-73.

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González, J., H. Düttmann, and M. Wink (2009). Phylogenetic relationships based on two mitochondrial genes and hybridization patterns in Anatidae. Journal of Zoology 279 (3):310-318.

Grand, J. B. and P. L. Flint. (1996a). Renesting ecology of Northern Pintails on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Condor 98 (4):820-824.

Grand, J. B. and P. L. Flint. (1996b). Survival of Northern Pintail ducklings on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Condor 98 (1):48-53.

Grand, J. B., P. L. Flint and P. J. Heglund. (1997). Habitat use by nesting and brood rearing Northern Pintails on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 61 (4):1199-1207.

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Greenwood, R. J., A. B. Sargeant, D. H. Johnson, L. M. Cowardin and T. L. Shaffer. (1995b). Factors associated with duck nest success in the Prairie Pothole Region of Canada. Wildlife Monographs 128:1-57.

Griffin, C. R., T. S. Baskett and R. D. Sparrowe. (1982). Ecology of Bald Eagles wintering near a waterfowl concentration. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv.

Guinn, S. J. R. and B. D. J. Batt. (1985). Activity budgets of Northern Pintail hens: influence of brood size, brood age, and date. Can. J. Zool. 63:2114-2120.

Guyn, K. L. (2000). Breeding ecology of Northern Pintails: Nesting ecology, nest-site selection, nutrient reserve use and brood ecology. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon.

Guyn, K. L. and R. G. Clark. (1999). Factors affecting survival of Northern Pintail ducklings in Alberta. Condor 101 (2):369-377.

Guyn, K. L. and R. G. Clark. (2000). Nesting effort of Northern Pintails in Alberta. Condor 102 (3):619-628.

Hamilton III, W. J. (1962d). Initial orientation and homing of inexperienced Pintails. Bird Banding 33:61-69.

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Hebert, C. E. and L. I. Wassenaar. (2005). Stable isotopes provide evidence for poor Northern Pintail production on the Canadian Prairies. Journal of Wildlife Management 69 (1):101-109.

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Hepp, G. R. and J. D. Hair. (1984). Dominance in wintering waterfowl (Anatini): effects on distribution of sexes. Condor 86:251-257.

Hestbeck, J. B. (1993a). Overwinter distribution of Northern Pintail populations in North America. J. Wildl. Manage. 57:582-589.

Hestbeck, J. B. (1993b). Survival of Northern Pintails banded during winter in North America. J. Wildl. Manage. 57:590-596.

Hestbeck, J. B. (1995). Response of Northern Pintail breeding populations to drought, 1961-92. Journal of Wildlife Management 59 (1):9-15.

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Howard, R. L. (1974c). Aquatic invertebrate-waterbird relationships on Alaska's arctic coastal plain. Master's Thesis, Iowa State Univ., Ames.

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Keith, L. B. and R. P. Stanislawski. (1960). Stomach contents and weights of some flightless adult Pintails. J. Wildl. Manage. 24:95-96.

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Krapu, G. L. (1974c). Foods of breeding Pintails in North Dakota. J. Wildl. Manage. 38:408-417.

Krapu, G. L. (1977). Pintail reproduction hampered by snowfall and agriculture. Wilson Bulletin 89:154-157.

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Krapu, G. L. and G. A. Swanson. (1977). Foods of juvenile, brood hen, and post-breeding Pintails in North Dakota. Condor 79:504-507.

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Recommended Citation

Clark, R. G., J. P. Fleskes, K. L. Guyn, D. A. Haukos, J. E. Austin, and M. R. Miller (2014). Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.163