The Introduction Article is just the first of 11 articles in each species account that provide life history information for the species. The remaining articles provide detailed information regarding distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status and conservation. Each species account also includes a multimedia section that displays the latest photos, audio selections and videos from Macaulay Library’s extensive galleries. Written and continually updated by acknowledged experts on each species, Birds of North America accounts include a comprehensive bibliography of published research on the species.
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The House Sparrow is one of a few species introduced in North America with great success. Introductions elsewhere, its own adaptability, and a preference for habitats modified by humans have made this species well known and generally common, with a nearly worldwide distribution. Although often considered a nuisance species and an agricultural pest, the House Sparrow has proven well-suited for studies of general biological problems such as evolutionary mechanisms, temperature metabolism, and pest control. For these reasons, it has been studied intensively and is the subject of an immense literature, to which Summers-Smith (
Summers-Smith, J. D. (1963). The House Sparrow. London: Collins.
Summers-Smith, J. D. (1988). The sparrows: A study of the genus Passer. Staffordshire, England: T & AD Poyser Ltd., Calton, Waterhouses.
Summers-Smith 1988) and Anderson (
Anderson, T. R. (2006). Biology of the House Sparrow: A ubiquitous model organism for studying genes to life history. New York, NY: Oxford Univ. Press.
Anderson 2006) provide an introduction. International Studies on Sparrows, published irregularly by the Committee for Ecology, Polish Academy of Sciences, has had 14 contributions to a containing "Bibliography of the genus Passer," which now totals over 4,800 entries. In this account we have emphasized North American works. As a brief selection of the variety of more recent studies of this species, see work by Murphy (
Murphy, E. C. (1978a). Breeding ecology of House Sparrows: spatial variation. Condor no. 80:180-193.
Murphy 1978a) and Weddle (
Weddle, C. B. (2000). Effects of ectoparasites on nestling body mass in the House Sparrow. Condor no. 102:684-687.
Weddle 2000) on breeding biology, Gavett and Wakely (
Gavett, A. P. and J. S. Wakeley. (1986). Diets of House Sparrows in urban and rural habitats. Wilson Bull. no. 98:137-144.
Gavett and Wakeley 1986) on diet, Liker and Barta (
Liker, A. and Z. Barta. (2001). Male badge size predicts dominance against females in House Sparrows. Condor no. 103:151-157.
Liker and Barta 2001) and Whitekiller et al. (
Whitekiller, R. R., D. F. Westneat, P. L. Schwagmeyer and D. W. Mock. (2000). Badge size and extra-pair fertilizations in the House Sparrow. Condor no. 102:342-348.
Whitekiller et al. 2000) on behavior and Selander and Johnston (
Selander, R. K. and R. F. Johnston. (1967). Evolution in the House Sparrow, I. Intrapopulation variation in North America. Condor no. 69:217-258.
Selander and Johnston 1967) on evolution.
Lowther, P. E. and C. L. Cink (2006). House Sparrow (Passer domesticus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.12