Although much has been learned about the natural history of the Five-striped Sparrow, the resident status and migratory behavior of the species are unclear. Early studies found that in successive years, color-banded birds were found in the same canyon as they were banded; no banded bird was found in a canyon other than where it was originally banded; post-July, there was an influx of individuals into the canyons where the species is known to occur; and a only few individuals have been observed in winter in areas where breeding occurred in summer. It is still not known where adult and juvenile birds disperse to, where they come from, and if the populations are augmented by individuals coming from Mexico. Such information, along with a new census of suitable canyons, would help to determine how stable the populations are at the northern limit of the species' distribution. Similar studies about the status and movement patterns should be performed in Sonora, Mexico, where the species is more widespread.