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Allaire, P. N. (1976). Nesting adaptations of bluebirds on surface mined lands. Kentucky Warbler 52:70-72.
Allen, D. H. (1988). Home range and habitat use of eastern bluebirds on the Savannah River Plant, South Carolina. Master's Thesis, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC.
Andrews, P., and R. Righter (1992). Colorado Birds. Denver Museum of Natural History, Denver, CO, USA.
Bart, J. (1977). Impact of human visitations on avian nesting success. Living Bird 16:187-192.
Beal, F. E. L. (1915). Food of the robins and bluebirds of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture Bulletin 171.
Becker, P. A. (1944). One season of bluebirds. Flicker 16:62-64.
Bednarek, R. and C. S. Davidson. (1967). Influence of spraying with carbaryl on nesting success in a sample of bird-boxes on Cape Cod in 1965. Bird-Banding 38:66-72.
Belser, C. G. (1981). Seasonal ethograms of the eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis, near Clemson, South Carolina. Master's Thesis, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC.
Bent, A. C. (1949). Life histories of North American thrushes, kinglets, and their allies. United States National Museum Bulletin 196.
Bourne, W. R. P. (1957b). The breeding birds of Bermuda. Ibis 99:94-105.
Buser, C. S. (1980). A time and energy budget study of the eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) during the breeding season. Master's Thesis, Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ.
Butcher, G. (1988). Incubation period of the eastern bluebird and the American robin. BirdScope 2:10-11.
Butler, A. G. (1907). The bluebird in captivity. Avicultural Magazine 6:50-53.
Caine, L. A. and W. R. Marion. (1991). Artificial addition of snags and nest boxes to slash pine plantations. Journal of Field Ornithology 62:97-106.
Carlson, D. J. (1976). Bio-environmental regulation of forest insect populations. Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI.
Crowell, K. L. and S. I. Rothstein. (1981). Clutch sizes and breeding strategies among Bermudan and North American passerines. Ibis 123:42-50.
Darwin, C. (1871). The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. London: John Murray.
Davis, W. H., P. J. Kalisz and R. J. Wells. (1994b). Eastern bluebirds prefer boxes containing old nests. Journal of Field Ornithology 65:250-253.
Davis, W. H., W. C. McComb and P. N. Allaire. (1986). Nest box use by starlings: does it inhibit bluebird production? Transactions of the Kentucky Acad. Sci. 47:133-136.
Devlin, W. J. and G. R. Willner. (1982). Habitat preference of cavity nesting birds at Carey Run Sanctuary in Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 38:3-5.
Dhondt, A. A., T. L. Kast and P. E. Allen. (2002). Geographical differences in seasonal clutch size variation in multi-brooded bird species. Ibis 144 (4):646-651.
Donahue, M. W. (1939). A study of the nesting habits and development of the eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis sialis (Linn.). Master's Thesis, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.
Droge, D. L., P. A. Gowaty and W. W. Weathers. (1991). Sex-biased provisioning: a test for differences in field metabolic rates of nestling eastern bluebirds. Condor 93:793-798.
Dunn, J. (1981). The identification of female bluebirds. Birding 13:4-11.
Emslie, S. D. (1985b). The late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) avifauna of Little Box Elder Cave, Wyoming. Univ. of Wyoming Contrib. Geol. 23 (2):63-82.
Evans, K. E. and R. N. Conner. (1979). "Snag management." In Management of north central and northeastern forests for nongame birds., edited by R. M. DeGraaf and K. E. Evans, 214-225. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-51: U.S. Dep. Agric. For. Serv.
Fiedler, D. A. (1974). The ecology of the eastern bluebird in central Minnesota. Master's Thesis, St. Cloud College, St. Cloud, MN.
Flanigan, A. B. (1971). Predation on snakes by eastern bluebird and brown thrasher. Wilson Bulletin 83:441.
Forbes, S. A. (1903). The food of birds. Bull. Illinois Lab. Nat. Hist. 1:86-162.
Frazier, A. and V. Nolan. (1959). Communal roosting by the eastern bluebird in winter. Bird-Banding 30:219-226.
Gauthier, J., and Y. Aubry (1996). Les Oiseaux Nicheurs du Québec: Atlas des Oiseaux Nicheurs du Québec Meridional. Environnment Canada, Région du Québec: Association Québécoise des groupes d'ornithologues, Sociétié Québécoise de protection des oiseaux, Service Canadien de la Faune.
Goldman, P. (1975). Hunting behavior of eastern bluebirds. Auk 92:798-801.
Gowaty, P. A. (1980). The origin of mating system variability and behavioral and demographic correlates of the mating system in eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Phd Thesis, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC.
Gowaty, P. A. (1991). Facultative manipulation of sex ratios in birds: rare or rarely observed? Current Ornithology 8:141-171.
Gowaty, P. A. (1993). Differential dispersal, local resource competition, and sex ratio variation in birds. American Naturalist 141:263-280.
Gowaty, P. A. and J. H. Plissner. (1997). Breeding dispersal of eastern bluebirds Sialia sialisdepends on nesting success but not on removal of old nests: an experimental study. Journal of Field Ornithology 68:323-330.
Gowaty, P. A. and S. J. Wagner. (1988). Breeding season aggression of female and male eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis) to models of potential conspecific and interspecific egg dumpers. Ethology 78:238-250.
Gowaty, P. A. and W. C. Bridges. (1991a). Behavioral, demographic, and environmental correlates of extra-pair fertilizations in eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Behavor. Ecol. 2:339-350.
Gowaty, P. A. and W. C. Bridges. (1991b). Nestbox availability affects extra-pair fertilizations and conspecific nest parasitism in eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Animal Behaviour 41:661-675.
Graber, R. R., J. W. Graber and E. L. Kirk. (1971). Illinois birds: Turdidae. Illinois Nat. Hist. Surv. Biol. Notes 75:1-44.
Hamon, J. H. (1964). "Osteology and paleontology of the passerine birds of the reddick, Florida, Pleistocene." In Forida Geological Survey Bulletin. Tallahassee: Florida Geol. Survey.
Hardin, K. I., and K. E. Evans (1977). Cavity nesting bird habitat in the oak-hickory forest: A review. U.S. Forest Service, Springfield, VA.
Harrison, C. J. O. (1978). A Field Guide to the Nests, Eggs and Nestlings of North American Birds. Collins, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Hartshorne, J. M. (1962). Behavior of the eastern bluebird at the nest. Living Bird 1:131-149.
Horn, M. Van and B. R. Bacon. (1989). Eastern bluebird productivity and habitat preference on managed wildlife lands in west central Wisconsin. Passenger Pigeon 51:255-259.
Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press, NY, USA.
Howell, T. R. (1965). New subspecies of birds from the lowland pine savanna of northeastern Nicaragua. Auk 82:438-464.
Huggins, R. A. (1941). Egg temperatures of wild birds under natural conditions. Ecology 22:148-157.
Huntsman, B. O. and G. Ritchison. (2002). Use and possible functions of large song repertoires by male Eastern Bluebirds. Journal of Field Ornithology 73 (4):372-378.
Hurst, G. A. (1983). "Use of nesting boxes on young loblolly pine plantations." In Snag habitat management, 155-158. USDA Forest Service.
James, D. A., and J. C. Neal (1986). Arkansas Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR, USA.
Janssen, R. B. (1987). Birds in Minnesota. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Kaufman, K. (1992c). The practiced eye: bluebirds. American Birds 46:159-162.
Kendeigh, S. C. (1952). Parental care and its evolution in birds. Illinois Biol. Monogr. 18:1-356.
Kibler, L. F. (1968). Collyriclum faba: a challenge to banders. EBBA News 31:257-262.
Kiviat, E. (1982). Eastern bluebird remote natural nest sites. Kingbird 32:6-8.
Krieg, D. C. (1965). A preliminary report on the breeding season of Sialia sialis and Iridoprocne bicolor. Master's Thesis, St. Bonaventure Univ., St. Bonaventure, NY.
Krieg, D. C. (1971). The behavioral patterns of the Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis). N.Y. State Museum, Science Service Bulletin 415.
Krueger, H. (1989b). Bluebird hatched and raised by chickadee. North American Bird Bander 14:101-102.
Kruger, S. M. (1985a). Nest site selection of eastern bluebirds in Wisconsin and productivity of the eastern bluebird in Wisconsin. Master's Thesis, Univ. of Wisconsin, Stevens Point.
Kruger, S. M. (1985b). Productivity and nest-site selection of eastern bluebirds in Wisconsin. Master's Thesis, Univ. of Wisconsin, Stevens Point.
Laskey, A. R. (1939). A study of nesting eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 10:23-32.
Laskey, A. R. (1943a). The nesting of bluebirds banded as nestlings. Wilson Bulletin 14:39-43.
Ligon, J. D. (1969a). Factors influencing breeding range expansion of the azure bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 81:104-105.
Lombardo, M. P. (1982). Sex ratios in the eastern bluebird. Evolution 36:615-617.
Low, S. H. (1934a). Bluebird studies on Cape Cod. Bird-Banding 5:39-41.
Lumsden, H. G. (1986a). Choice of nest boxes by Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), House Wrens (Troglodytes aedon), Eastern Bluebirds (Sialia sialia), and European Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris). Canadian Field-Naturalist 100:343-349.
Mason, E. A. (1936). Parasitism of bird's nest by Protocalliphora at Groton, Massachusetts. Bird-Banding 7:112-121.
Mason, E. A. (1944). Parasitism by Protocalliphora and management of cavity-nesting birds. Journal of Wildlife Management 8:232-237.
Meek, S. B. and R. J. Robertson. (1991). Adoption of young by replacement male birds: an experimental study of eastern bluebirds and a review. Animal Behaviour 42:813-820.
Meek, S. B. and R. J. Robertson. (1994c). Time of day of egg laying by eastern bluebirds. Wilson Bulletin 107:377-379.
Meek, S. B., R. J. Robertson and P. T. Boag. (1994). Extrapair paternity and intraspecific brood parasitism in eastern bluebirds revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Auk 111:739-744.
Meffe, G. K. and C. R. Carroll. (1994). Principles of conservation biology. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates, Inc.
Morton, E. S., M. S. Geitgey and S. McGrath. (1978). On bluebird responses to apparent female adultery. American Naturalist 112:968-971.
Munro, H. L., and R. C. Rounds (1985). Selection of artificial nest sites by five sympatric passerines. Journal of Wildlife Management 49:264-276.
Musselman, T. E. (1941). Bluebird mortality in 1940. Auk 58:409-410.
Musselman, T. E. (1946). Some interesting nest habits of the eastern bluebird. Bird-Banding 17:60-63.
Nash, F. P. (1942). Attempt to increase number of eggs in clutch of bluebird. Bird-Banding 13:121.
Parker, R. L. and I. D. Parker. (1950). Note on behavior of birds on a cold winter day. Auk 67:108.
Parks, R. A. (1948). Male bluebird antagonistic to nest building. Oriole 13:9.
Parmalee, P. W. (1967a). A recent cave bone deposit in southwestern Illinois. Bull. Natl. Speleol. Soc. 29 (4):119-147.
Patterson, S. (1969). Nesting box utilization by the Eastern Bluebird and the House Wren 1968. Iowa Bird Life 39 (3):55-58.
Peakall, D. B. (1970). The eastern bluebird: its breeding season, clutch size, and nesting success. Living Bird 9:239-256.
Pence, D. B. (1972a). The genus Oxyspirura (Nematoda: Thelaziidae) from birds in Louisiana. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 39:23-28.
Pence, D. B. (1973). The Nasal Mites of Birds from Louisiana. IX. Synopsis. Journal of Parasitology 59:881. https://doi.org/10.2307/3278429
Peterjohn, B. G. (1989). The Birds of Ohio. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN, USA.
Peters, H. S. (1936). A list of external parasites from birds of the eastern part of the United States. Bird-Banding 7:9-27.
Phillips, A. R. (1991). The known birds of North and Middle America, Part II: Bombycillidae; Sylviidae to Sturnidae; Vireonidae. A. R. Phillips, Denver, CO, USA.
Phillips, A. R., J. T. Marshall, Jr., and G. B. Monson (1964). The Birds of Arizona. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ, USA.
Pierson, T. A. and P. F. Scanlon. (1986). Use of fencepost cavities by nesting eastern bluebirds in southwestern Virginia. Wilson Bulletin 98:479-482.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1971a). An analysis of banding recovery data on eastern bluebirds in Michigan and three neighboring states. Jack Pine Warbler 49:33-50.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1971b). Some observations on the vocalizations of the eastern bluebird. Bird-Banding 42:20-27.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1974a). A comparative study of the behavioral and breeding ecology of the eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis). Ph.D. thesis, Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1974b). A note on familial longevity in eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 45:363-364.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1974c). Cowbird parasitism of a blue nest. Jack Pine Warbler 52:45.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1974d). Criteria for sexing eastern bluebirds in juvenile plumage. Inland Bird Banding News 46:88-91.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1974e). Predation on a shrew by an eastern bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 86:83.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1974f). Prolonged incubation record for an eastern bluebird. Inland Bird Banding News 46:15-19.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1975). Yearling male Eastern Bluebird assists parents in feeding young. Auk 92:801-802.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1975b). Growth and development of eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 46:273-28.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1976c). First Michigan record of the trematode Colluriclum faba on an eastern bluebird. Jack Pine Warbler 54:41.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1976d). Further observations on a family of eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 47:160-161.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1976f). Use of tree cavities by nesting eastern bluebirds. Journal of Wildlife Management 40:556-563.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1977a). Blowfly parasitism of eastern bluebirds in natural and artificial nest sites. Journal of Wildlife Management 41:272-276.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1977b). Breeding adaptations in the Eastern Bluebird. Condor 79 (3):289-302.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1977c). Foraging behavior of the eastern bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 89:404-414.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1978a). Feeding of nestling and fledgling eastern bluebirds. Wilson Bulletin 90:84-98.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1978b). Two successive male eastern bluebirds tending the same nest. Auk 95:606-608.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1979a). Annual productivity and its measurement in a multi-brooded passerine, the eastern bluebird. Auk 96:562-572.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1979b). Effect of nesting history on egg size in eastern bluebirds. Condor 81:210.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1979e). Nest site selection in eastern bluebirds. Condor 81:435-436.
Pinkowski, B. C. (1979f). Time budget and incubation rhythm of the eastern bluebird. American Midland Naturalist 101:427-433.
Pitts, T. D. (1977a). Do eastern bluebirds and house sparrows prefer nest boxes with white or black interiors? Bird-Banding 48:75-76.
Pitts, T. D. (1977b). Eastern bluebird mortality at winter roosts in Tennessee. Bird-Banding 49:77-78.
Pitts, T. D. (1978a). Foods of eastern bluebird nestlings in northwest Tennessee. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 53:136-139.
Pitts, T. D. (1985a). Identification of second-year and after-second-year eastern bluebirds. Journal of Field Ornithology 56:422-424.
Pitts, T. D. (1988). Effects of nest box size on eastern bluebird nests. Journal of Field Ornithology 59:309-313.
Pitts, T. D. and M. P. Martin. (1989). Changes in eastern bluebird egg shells during incubation. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 64:55.
Plissner, J. H. (1994). Proximate causes of female-biased natal dispersal in eastern bluebirds. Phd Thesis, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC.
Plissner, J. H. and P. A. Gowaty. (1988). Evidence of reproductive error in adoption of nestling eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Auk 105:575-578.
Plissner, J. H. and P. A. Gowaty. (1996). Patterns of natal dispersal, turnover, and dispersal costs in eastern bluebirds. Animal Behaviour 51:1307-1322.
Preston, F. W. and J. McCormick. (1948). The eyesight of the bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 60:120-121.
Pulliam, H. R. (1988). Sources, sinks, and population regulation. American Naturalist 132:652-661.
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Rendell, W. B. and R. J. Robertson. (1990). Influence of forest edge on nest-site selection by Tree Swallows. Wilson Bulletin 102:634-644.
Robbins, C. S., and E. A. T. Blom (1996). Atlas of Breeding Birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Robbins, M. B., and D. A. Easterla (1992). Birds of Missouri: Their Distribution and Abundance. University of Missouri Press, Columbia, MO, USA.
Robertson, W. B., Jr., and G. E. Woolfenden (1992). Florida Bird Species: An Annotated List. Florida Ornithological Society Special Publication 6.
Rohwer, S. 1986. Selection for adoption versus infanticide by replacement "Mates" in birds. In Current Ornithology, edited by R. F. Johnston. New York: Plenum Press.
Rustad, O. A. (1972a). An eastern bluebird nesting study in south central Minnesota. Loon 44:80-84.
Savereno, A. J. (1991). Seasonal home ranges of the habitat use by eastern bluebirds. Master's Thesis, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC.
Sibley, D. A. (1997). Birds of Cape May, second edition. Cape May Bird Observatory, New Jersey Audubon Society, Cape May, NJ, USA.
Smith, A. R. (1996). Atlas of Saskatchewan Birds. Saskatchewan Natural History Society Special Publications 22, Regina, SK, Canada.
Sprunt, A. (1946a). Unusual nesting of two birds in South Carolina. Auk 63:94-95.
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Thomas, R. H. (1946a). A study of eastern bluebirds in Arkansas. Wilson Bulletin 58:143-183.
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Woodward, P. W. and J. C. Woodward. (1979a). Brown-headed cowbird parasitism on eastern bluebirds. Wilson Bulletin 91:321-322.
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Cornell, K. L., C. R. Kight, R. B. Burdge, A. R. Gunderson, J. K. Hubbard, A. K. Jackson, J. E. LeClerc, M. L. Pitts, J. P. Swaddle and D. A. Cristol. (2011). Reproductive success of Eastern Bluebirds (Siala sialis) on suburban golf courses. Auk 128 (3):577-586.
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Gowaty, P. A. (1981). Aggression of breeding eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis) toward their mates and models of intra- and interspecific intruders. Animal Behaviour 29:1013-1027.
Gowaty, P. A. (1983). Male parental care and apparent monogamy among eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). American Naturalist 121:149-157.
Gowaty, P. A. (1984). House sparrows kill eastern bluebirds. Journal of Field Ornithlogy 55:378-380.
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Howell, S. N. G. (2010). Peterson Reference Guide to Molt in North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company, Boston, MA, USA.
Howell, S. N. G., C. Corben, P. Pyle, and D. I. Rogers (2003). The first basic problem: A review of molt and plumage homologies. Condor 105:635–653.
Howell, S. N. G., C. Corben, P. Pyle, and D. I. Rogers (2004). The first basic problem revisited: Reply to commentaries on Howell et al. (2003). Condor 106:206–210.
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