Black-throated Blue Warbler

Setophaga caerulescens


About the Author(s)

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Richard T. Holmes received a Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley in 1964. He is currently Research Professor of Biological Sciences and the Ronald and Deborah Harris Professor of Environmental Biology Emeritus at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. His interest in the Black-throated Blue Warbler developed as part of his long-term investigations of birds as components of northern hardwood ecosystems, conducted in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, a part of the White Mountain National Forest in north-central New Hampshire. In the 1980s, he expanded his work to study the Black-throated Blue Warbler and other long-distance migrant birds in the Caribbean, particularly Jamaica. E-mail:

Sara A. Kaiser received a Ph.D. from Cornell University in 2013. She is currently a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Smithsonian Center for Conservation Genomics in Washington, D.C. Her doctoral dissertation focused on the mating system and reproductive behavior of the Black-throated Blue Warbler in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest at Hubbard Brook in New Hampshire, especially their behavioral responses to environmental change in the Northeast. E-mail:

Nicholas L. Rodenhouse received a Ph.D. from Dartmouth College in 1986. He is currently an Professor Emeritus of Biological Sciences at Wellesley College. He has used field experiments and modeling to address ecological questions about the breeding biology and foraging ecology of the Black-throated Blue Warbler. Recent research emphases have been on climate change, mercury bioaccumulation in forest food webs, and documenting and explaining landscape patterns in the abundance of birds and their food supply. E-mail:

T. Scott Sillett received a Ph.D. from Dartmouth College in 2000. He is currently a research wildlife biologist at the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center in Washington, D.C. He has studied the population ecology, behavior, and life history of the Black-throated Blue Warbler since 1994. E-mail:

Michael S. Webster received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1991. He is currently the Robert G. Engel Professor of Ornithology at Cornell University, and also Director of the Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. He studies focus on the evolutionary causes and consequences of variation in reproductive behaviors and sexual signals, both within and across populations. He has studied the breeding behavior of the Black-throated Blue Warbler, including cryptic reproductive strategies, such as extra-pair matings, since 1995. E-mail:

Peter Pyle received a B.S. in Biology from Swarthmore College in 1979 and has worked as both an ornithologist and marine biologist. During the late 1970s and early 1980s he partook in the Hawaii, Micronesia, and Samoa Forest Bird Surveys. Much of his research since the early 1980's was conducted on birds and white sharks at the Farallon Islands, California. He has special interest in bird molt and how it can be used to age birds, and has published numerous papers and taught workshops on this subject in North America and Latin America. He has authored two books, over 170 scientific papers, and several popular articles. He has written and edited plumage and molt content for the Birds of North America since 2007. He is a Research Associate both at the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, and the B. P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu. In 2011 he described a new species of shearwater (Puffinus bryani) and named it after his grandfather, Edwin Bryan. He is a full-time staff biologist at the Institute for Bird Populations in Point Reyes Station, California. E-mail:

Michael A. Patten is a professor at the University of Oklahoma, where he is affiliated with the Oklahoma Biological Survey, Department of Biology, and Environmental Studies. His research interests have focused on conservation biogeography and evolutionary ecology, particularly with respect to questions of habitat selection, from causes to consequences and from pattern to process. He has an abiding interest in systematics, especially with respect to geographic variation and how the interface between habitat, behavior, and geography affect variation from phylogeny to taxonomy. He has written and edited Systematics content for the Birds of North America since 2007, and serves as a technical advisor to both the American Ornithological Society's North American Checklist Committee, and the Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. E-mail:

Recommended Citation

Holmes, R. T., S. A. Kaiser, N. L. Rodenhouse, T. S. Sillett, M. S. Webster, P. Pyle, and M. A. Patten (2017). Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens), version 3.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.