Black Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma melania



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Figure 1. Distribution of the Black Storm-Petrel along the coast of California and Middle America.

Marine range of Black Storm-Petrel; northward extension mainly during autumn, southward extension mainly late autumn and winter. Mostly vacant from Gulf of California and vicinity during autumn. See Figure 3 for detailed breeding range.

Figure 2. Annual cycle of breeding, molt, and migration of the Black Storm-Petrel.

Nesting cycle is advanced in the Gulf of California. Compared to adults (shown), molt is advanced several weeks in subadults. The period of dispersal shown here includes both sub-adults and adults, the former dispersing a month or so earlier. Thick lines show peak activity; thin lines, off-peak.

Figure 3. Distribution of Black Storm-Petrel nesting colonies.

Locations of confirmed Black Storm-Petrel nesting colonies.(1—Santa Barbara Island and Sutil Island; 2—Islas Coronado; 3—Islas San Benito; 4—Islas Cardinosa and Cardinosita (= Partida); 5—Islas San Luis; 6—Roca Consag; 7—Isla San Esteban; 8—La Lobera and Isla Partida at Isla Espíritu Santo.

Figure 4. Vocalizations of the Black Storm-Petrel.

A. Burrow/Purr Call. B. Flight/Chatter Call. Prepared by the staff of Borror Laboratory of Bioacoustics, The Ohio State University, using a Kay Elemetrics DSP 5500 Sona-Graph (with an effective frequency resolution of 150 Hz and a 200-point FFT transform size) from recordings in the collection of The British Library, National Sound Archive, Wildlife Sounds (reference no. 05137, Isla Cardinosita, Baja California, 18 April 1971).

Figure 5. Growth of Black Storm-Petrel chicks.

Change in body mass of chicks with age; data from Everett 1991.

Recommended Citation

Everett, W. T., Y. R. Bedolla-Guzmán, and D. G. Ainley (2019). Black Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma melania), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.