American Robin

Turdus migratorius


About the Author(s)

Welcome to the Birds of North America Online!

You are currently viewing one of the free species accounts available in our complimentary tour of BNA. In this courtesy review, you can access all the life history articles and the multimedia galleries associated with this species.

For complete access to all species accounts, a subscription is required. Subscriptions are available for as little as $5 for 30 days of complete access! If you would like to subscribe to BNA, please visit the Cornell Lab of Ornithology E-Store or call us at 877-873-2626 (M-F, 8:00-4:00 ET).

Rex Sallabanks received his B.S. at the University of Plymouth in England in 1987 and his Ph.D. from the University of Oregon in 1992. His doctoral research addressed the behavioral ecology of foraging robins wintering in the Willamette Valley of western Oregon. He was a postdoctoral fellow at North Carolina State University from 1992 through 1993, where he studied breeding bird communities in bottomland hardwood forests of eastern North Carolina. Currently, he is Director of the Sustainable Ecosystems Institute in Idaho where his latest research program focuses on the effects of forest management, landscape fragmentation, and wildfire on breeding bird populations in the interior Pacific Northwest. He is also a member of the adjunct graduate faculty in the Department of Biology at Boise State University, where he advises graduate students and teaches conservation biology and ecology. Current address: Sustainable Ecosystems Institute, 30 East Franklin Road, Suite 50, Meridian, ID 83642. E-mail: .

Frances James is a professor in the Department of Biological Science at Florida State University, where she teaches courses in vertebrate ecology, evolution, conservation biology, and data analysis. Her long-term research interests have been in the analysis of patterns of intraspecific geographic variation, habitat relationships, and population trends in birds. Most recently she has been studying population regulation in the Red-cockaded Woodpecker. She is a past president of the American Ornithologists' Union and the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Current address: Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306. E-mail: .

Natasha Vanderhoff received her B.S. from Loyola University Chicago in 1999 and her Ph.D. from the University of Louisville in 2007. Her doctoral research focused on the ontogeny of foraging behaviors and alarm calling behavior in American Robins. She currently is an Assistant Professor of Biology and Marine Science at Jacksonville University where she teaches zoology, vertebrate biology, ornithology, evolution and animal behavior. Her current research interests include seed dispersal and animal communication. Current address: Department of Biology and Marine Science, Jacksonville University, 2800 University Blvd. N., Jacksonville, FL 32211. E-mail: .

Recommended Citation

Vanderhoff, N., P. Pyle, M. A. Patten, R. Sallabanks, and F. C. James (2016). American Robin (Turdus migratorius), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.