AudioDateDownLeftRightUpIconClosefacebookReportGallerySettingsGiftLanguageGridListMapMenunoAudionoPhotoPhotoPlayPlusSearchStartwitterUserVideo

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

Order:
Passeriformes
Family:
Parulidae
Sections

References

Welcome to the Birds of North America Online!

You are currently viewing one of the free species accounts available in our complimentary tour of BNA. In this courtesy review, you can access all the life history articles and the multimedia galleries associated with this species.

For complete access to all species accounts, a subscription is required. Subscriptions are available for as little as $5 for 30 days of complete access! If you would like to subscribe to BNA, please visit the Cornell Lab of Ornithology E-Store or call us at 877-873-2626 (M-F, 8:00-4:00 ET).

Alström, P. and P. Colston. (1991). A Field Guide to the rare birds of Britain and Europe. London: Harper Collins.

Ambuel, B. and S. A. Temple. (1983). Area-dependent changes in the bird communities and vegetation of southern Wisconsin forests. Ecology no. 64:1057-1068.

American Ornithologists' Union (1983). Check-list of North American Birds, 6th ed. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC.

American Ornithologists' Union. (1949). Twenty-fourth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American birds. Auk no. 66 (3):281-285.

American Ornithologists' Union. (1957). Check-list of North American birds, 5th ed. Washington, D.C: Am. Ornithol. Union.

Amos, E. J. R. (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Bermuda. Warwick, Bermuda: E. J. R. Amos.

Andrews, P. and R. Righter (1992). Colorado birds. Denver Museum of Natural History, Denver, CO.

Angelier, F., C. M. Tonra, R. L. Holberton and P. P. Marra. (2010). How to capture wild passerine species to study baseline corticosterone levels. Journal of Ornithology no. 151 (2):415-422.

Angelier, F., C. M. Tonra, R. L. Holberton and P. P. Marra. (2011). Short-term changes in body condition in relation to habitat and rainfall abundance in American Redstarts Setophaga ruticilla during the non-breeding season. Journal of Avian Biology no. 42 (4):335-341.

Angelier, F., C. M. Vleck, R. L. Holberton and P. P. Marra. (2013). Telomere length, non-breeding habitat and return rate in male American Redstarts. Functional Ecology no. 27 (2):342-350.

Angelier, F., C. M. Vleck, R. L. Holberton and P. P. Marra. (2015). Bill size correlates with telomere length in male American Redstarts. Journal of Ornithology no. 156 (2):525-531.

Angelier, F., R. L. Holberton and P. P. Marra. (2009). Does stress response predict return rate in a migratory bird species? A study of American Redstarts and their non-breeding habitat. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences no. 276 (1672):3545-3551.

Arendt, W. J. (1992). "Status of North American migrant landbirds in the Caribbean region: a summary." In Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds., edited by J. M. Hagan III and D. W. Johnston, 143-171. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Arlt, D., M. Low and T. Pärt. (2013). Effect of geolocators on migration and subsequent breeding performance of a long-distance passerine migrant. PLoS One no. 8 (12):e82316.

Aubrecht, G., W. Huber and A. Weissenhofer. (2013). Coincidence or benefit? The use of Marasmius (horse-hair fungus) filaments in bird nests. Avian Biology Research no. 6 (1):26-30.

Baker, B. W. (1944a). Nesting of the American Redstart. Wilson Bull. no. 56:83-90.

Bakermans, M. H., A. C. Vitz, A. D. Rodewald and C. G. Rengifo. (2009). Migratory songbird use of shade coffee in the Venezuelan Andes with implications for conservation of Cerulean Warbler. Biological Conservation no. 142 (11):2476-2483.

Bakken, L. E. and G. S. Bakken. (1977). American Redstart feeding by artificial light. Auk no. 94:373-374.

Baldwin, S., S. Prentis, H. C. Oberholser and L. G. Worley. (1931). Measurement of birds. Cleve. Mus. of Nat. Hist. no. 2:1-165.

Barrowclough, G. F. and K. W. Corbin. (1978). Genetic variation and differentiation in the Parulidae. Auk no. 95:691-702.

Bayne, E. M. and K. A. Hobson. (2002a). Annual survival of adult American Redstarts and Ovenbirds in the southern boreal forest. Wilson Bulletin no. 114 (3):358-367.

Behle, W. H., E. D. Sorenson and C. M. White. (1985). Utah birds: a revised checklist. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City: Utah Mus. Nat. Hist.

Bennett, S. E. (1980). "Interspecific competition and the niche of the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) in wintering and breeding communities." In Migrant birds in the neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution, and conservation., edited by A. Keast and E. S. Morton, 319-335. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Bent, A. C. (1953b). Life histories of North American wood warblers. U. S. Natl. Mus. Bull. no. 203.

Bisson, I.-A., P. P. Marra, Jr. Burtt, E. H., M. Sikaroodi and P. M. Gillevet. (2007). A molecular comparison of plumage and soil bacteria across biogeographic, ecological, and taxonomic scales. Microbial Ecology no. 54 (1):65-81.

Bochkov, A. V. and T. D. Galloway. (2004). New species and records of cheyletoid mites (Acari: Cheyletoidea) from birds in Canada. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society no. 77 (1):26-44.

Boulet, M. and D. R. Norris. (2006). "Introduction: The past and present of migratory connectivity." In Patterns of migratory connectivity in two Nearctic-Neotropical songbirds: New insights from intrinsic markers, edited by M. Boulet and D. R. Norris, 1-13. Washington, DC: American Ornithologists' Union.

Bowlin, M. S., I.-A. Bisson, J. Shamoun-Baranes, J. D. Reichard, N. Sapir, P. P. Marra, T. H. Kunz, D. S. Wilcove, A. Hedenström, C. G. Guglielmo, S. Akesson, M. Ramenofsky and M. Wikelski. (2010). Grand challenges in migration biology. Integrative and Comparative Biology no. 50 (3):261-279.

Boxall, P. C. (1983). Observations suggesting parental division of labor by American Redstarts. Wilson Bull. no. 95:673-674.

Brauning, D. (1992a). Atlas of Breeding Birds in Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: Univ. Pittsburgh Press.

Brown, D. R., T. W. Sherry and J. Harris. (2011a). Hurricane Katrina impacts the breeding bird community in a bottomland hardwood forest of the Pearl River basin, Louisiana. Forest Ecology and Management no. 261 (1):111-119.

Browning, M. R. (2002). Taxonomic comments on selected species of birds from the Pacific Northwest. Ore. Birds no. 28:69-82.

Buehler, David A., Paul B. Hamel and Than Boves. (2013). Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.511

Burleigh, T. D. (1944a). Description of a new hybrid warbler. Auk no. 61:291-293.

Burleigh, T. D. and H. S. Peters. (1948). Geographic variation in Newfoundland birds. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. no. 61:111-126.

Butcher, G. S. (1992). Needs assessment: monitoring Neotropical migratory birds. Ithaca, NY: Monitoring Working Group, Partners in Flight. Cornell Lab. Ornithol.

Cadman, M. D., D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage and A. R. Couturier. (2007a). Atlas of the breeding birds of Ontario 2001-2005. Toronto: Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature.

Cadman, M. D., P. F. J. Eagles and F. M. Helleiner. (1987). Atlas of breeding birds of Ontario. Waterloo: Univ. of Waterloo Press.

Chamberlain, C. P., J. D. Blum, R. T. Holmes, X. Feng, T. W. Sherry and G. R. Graves. (1997). The use of isotope tracers for identifying populations of migratory birds. Oecologia no. 109 (1):132-141.

Chandler, C. C., D. I. King and R. B. Chandler. (2012). Do mature forest birds prefer early-successional habitat during the post-fledging period? Forest Ecology and Management no. 264:1-9.

Chesser, R. T., R. C. Banks, F. K. Barker, C. Cicero, J. L. Dunn, A. W. Kratter, I. J. Lovette, P. C. Rasmussen, J. V. Remsen Jr., J. D. Rising, D. F. Stotz and K. Winker. (2011). Fifty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk no. 128 (3):600-613.

Churchill, J. L. and S. J. Hannon. (2010). Off-territory movement of male American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla) in a fragmented agricultural landscape is related to song rate, mating status and access to females. Journal of Ornithology no. 151 (1):33-44.

Cimprich, D. A., M. S. Woodrey and F. R. Moore. (2005). Passerine migrants respond to variation in predation risk during stopover. Animal Behaviour no. 69:1173-1179.

Colbeck, G. J., H. L. Gibbs, P. P. Marra, K. Hobson and M. S. Webster. (2008). Phylogeography of a widespread North American migratory songbird (Setophaga ruticilla). Journal of Heredity no. 99 (5):453-463.

Commisso, F. W. (1986). "Ecomorphology of locomotion of the parulid hind limb." In Acta XIX Congr. Intl. Ornithol., 2254-2264.

Confer, J. L. and R. T. Holmes. (1995). Neotropical migrants in undisturbed and human-altered forests of Jamaica. Wilson Bull. no. 107:577-589.

Cooper, N. W., T. W. Sherry and P. P. Marra. (2014). Modeling three-dimensional space use and overlap in birds. Auk no. 131 (4):681-693.

Cooper, N. W., T. W. Sherry and P. P. Marra. (2015). Experimental reduction of winter food decreases body condition and delays migration in a long-distance migratory bird. Ecology no. 96 (7):1933-1942.

Coulson, J. O. (2001). Swallow-tailed Kites carry passerine nests containing nestlings to their own nests. Wilson Bulletin no. 113 (3):340-342.

Cramp, S. and C. M. Perrins. (1994b). The birds of the western Palearctic. Vol. 9. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press.

Curson, J., D. Quinn and D. Beadle. (1994). Warblers of the Americas: an identification guide. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.

Cyr, A. and M. Darveau. (1996). "American Redstart, Paruline flam- boyante, Setophaga ruticilla." In The breeding birds of Quebec., edited by J. Gauthier and Y. Aubry, 916-919. Environment Canada Quebec Region, Montreal: Can. Wildl. Serv.

Date, E. M. and R. E. Lemon. (1993). Sound transmission: a basis for dialects in bird song? Behaviour no. 124:291-312.

De Schauensee, R. M. and W. H. Phelps. (1978). A Guide to the Birds of Venezuela. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.

Debruyne, C. A., J. M. Hughes and D. J. T. Hussell. (2006). Age-related timing and patterns of prebasic body molt in wood warblers (Parulidae). Wilson Journal of Ornithology no. 118 (3):374-379.

DeGraaf, R. M. (1985). "Breeding bird assemblages in New England northern hardwoods." In Proceedings: the impact of timber management practices on nongame birds in Vermont., edited by R. J. Regan and D. E. Capen, 5-22. Montpelier: Vermont Fish and Wildlife Dept.

Dugger, K. M., J. Faaborg, W. J. Arendt and K. A. Hobson. (2004). Understanding survival and abundance of overwintering warblers: Does rainfall matter? Condor no. 106 (4):744-760.

Dunn, J. L. and K. L. Garrett. (1997). A Field Guide to the warblers of North America. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co.

Durden, L. A., J. H. Oliver and A. A. Kinsey. (2001). Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and spirochetes (spirochaetaceae: spirochaetales) recovered from birds on a Georgia Barrier Island. Journal of Medical Entomology no. 38 (2):231-236.

Durrant, K. L., P. P. Marra, S. M. Fallon, G. J. Colbeck, H. L. Gibbs, K. A. Hobson, D. R. Norris, B. Bernik, V. L. Lloyd and R. C. Fleischer. (2008). Parasite assemblages distinguish populations of a migratory passerine on its breeding grounds. Journal of Zoology no. 274 (4):318-326.

Dwight, J., Jr. (1900). The sequence of plumages and moults of the passerine birds of New York. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 13:73-360.

Eaton, S. W. (1953). Wood-warblers wintering in Cuba. Wilson Bull. no. 65 (3):169-174.

Eaton, S. W., P. D. O'Connor, M. B. Osterhaus and B. Z. Anicete. (1963). "Some osteological adaptations in Parulidae." In Proc. XIII Intl. Ornithol. Cong., edited by C. G. Sibley, 71-83. Baton Rouge: Am. Ornithol. Union.

Erskine, A. J. (1992a). Atlas of breeding birds of the Maritime Provinces. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia Museum.

Evans, P. G. H. (1990a). Birds of the eastern Caribbean. London: Macmillan Press, Ltd.

Evans, W. R. (2005). Monitoring avian night flight calls - the new century ahead. Passenger Pigeon no. 67 (1):15-24.

Evans, W. R. and M. O'Brien. (2002). Flight calls of migratory birds: eastern North American landbirds [CD-ROM]. Mecklenburg, NY: Old Bird Inc.

Ewert, D. N. and R. A. Askins. (1991). Flocking behavior of migratory warblers in winter in the Virgin Islands. Condor no. 93:864-868.

Faaborg, J. and W. J. Arendt. (1984). Population sizes and philopatry of winter resident warblers in Puerto Rico. J. Field Ornithol. no. 55:376-378.

Faaborg, J., R. T. Holmes, A. D. Anders, K. L. Bildstein, K. M. Dugger, Jr. Gauthreaux, S. A., P. Heglund, K. A. Hobson, A. E. Jahn, D. H. Johnson, S. C. Latta, D. J. Levey, P. P. Marra, C. L. Merkord, E. Nol, S. I. Rothstein, T. W. Sherry, T. S. Sillett, F. R. Thompson III and N. Warnock. (2010b). Recent advances in understanding migration systems of New World land birds. Ecological Monographs no. 80 (1):3-48.

Falk, K. J., E. Nol and D. M. Burke. (2011). Weak effect of edges on avian nesting success in fragmented and forested landscapes in Ontario, Canada. Landscape Ecology no. 26 (2):239-251.

Ficken, M. S. (1961). Redstarts and cowbirds. Kingbird no. 11:83-85.

Ficken, M. S. (1962a). Agonistic behavior and territory in the American Redstart. Auk no. 79:607-632.

Ficken, M. S. (1962b). Maintenance activities of the American Redstart. Wilson Bull. no. 74:153-165.

Ficken, M. S. (1963a). Courtship of the American Redstart. Auk no. 80:307-317.

Ficken, M. S. (1964). Nest-site selection in the American Redstart. Wilson Bull. no. 76:189.

Ficken, M. S. and R. W. Ficken. (1962b). The comparative ethology of the wood-warblers: a review. Living Bird no. 1:103-122.

Ficken, M. S. and R. W. Ficken. (1965). Comparative ethology of the Chestnut-sided Warbler, Yellow Warbler, and American Redstart. Wilson Bull. no. 77:363-375.

Ficken, M. S. and R. W. Ficken. (1967). Age-specific differences in the breeding behavior and ecology of the American Redstart. Wilson Bull. no. 79:188-199.

Fletcher, Jr., R. J. (2007). Species interactions and population density mediate the use of social cues for habitat selection. Journal of Animal Ecology no. 76 (3):598-606.

Fletcher, Jr., R. J. (2008). Social information and community dynamics: Nontarget effects from simulating social cues for management. Ecological Applications no. 18 (7):1764-1773.

Foy, R. W. (1974). Aging and sexing American Redstarts in fall. Eastern Bird Banding Association News no. 37:43-44.

Francis, C. M. and F. Cooke. (1986). Differential timing of spring migration in wood warblers (Parulidae). Auk no. 103:548-556.

Freymann, B. P. (2008). Physical properties of fungal rhizomorphs of marasmioid basidiomycetes used as nesting material by birds. Ibis no. 150 (2):395-399.

Friedmann, H. and L. F. Kiff. (1985). The parasitic cowbirds and their hosts. Proceedings of the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology no. 2 (4):226-302.

Garvin, M. C., P. P. Marra and S. K. Crain. (2004b). Prevalence of hematozoa in overwintering American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla): No evidence for local transmission. Journal of Wildlife Diseases no. 40 (1):115-118.

George, T. L., R. J. Harrigan, J. A. LaManna, D. F. DeSante, J. F. Saracco and T. B. Smith. (2015). Persistent impacts of West Nile virus on North American bird populations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America no. 112 (46):14290-14294.

Germain, R. R. and A. E. McKellar. Species account: American Redstart/Paruline flamboyante (Setophaga ruticilla) (2010). Available from http://opinicon.wordpress.com/species-accounts/american-redstart/.

Germain, R. R., M. W. Reudink, P. P. Marra and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2010b). Carotenoid-based male plumage predicts parental investment in the American Redstart. Wilson Journal of Ornithology no. 122 (2):318-325.

Germain, R. R., M. W. Reudink, P. P. Marra, P. T. Boag and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2012). Delayed maturation of multiple signals in a migratory songbird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology no. 66 (3):419-431.

Germain, R. R., P. P. Marra, T. K. Kyser and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2010a). Adult-like plumage coloration predicts winter territory quality and timing of arrival on the breeding grounds of yearling male American Redstarts. Condor no. 112 (4):676-682.

Getty, S. R. (1993). Call-notes of North American wood warblers. Birding no. 25:158-168.

Gibson, D. D. and J. J. Withrow. (2015a). Inventory of the species and subspecies of Alaska birds, second edition. Western Birds no. 46 (2):94-185.

Gilligan, J., D. Rogers, M. Smith and A. Contreras. (1994). Birds of Oregon: status and distribution. McMinnville, OR: Cinclus Publ.

González-Prieto, A. M., and K. A. Hobson. (2013). Environmental conditions on wintering grounds and during migration influence spring nutritional condition and arrival phenology of Neotropical migrants at a northern stopover site. Journal of Ornithology 154: 1067-1078.

Granlund, J., G. A. McPeek and R. J. Adams. (1994). The birds of Michigan. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Gray III, D. R. (1973). Report on aging and sexing criteria for American Redstart. Eastern Bird Banding Association News no. 36:143-146.

Greenberg, R. (1992b). "Forest migrant in non-forest habitats on the Yucatán Peninsula." In Ecology and conservation of Neotropical landbirds., edited by J. M. Hagan and D. W. Johnston, 273-286. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Greenberg, R. and P. P. Marra. (2005). "The renaissance of migratory bird biology: A synthesis." In Birds of two worlds: The ecology and evolution of migration, edited by R. Greenberg and P. P. Marra, 437-443. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Griffiths, E. T., S. C. Keen, M. Lanzone and A. Farnsworth. (2016). Can nocturnal flight calls of the migrating songbird, American Redstart, encode sexual dimorphism and individual identity? PLoS ONE no. 11 (7):e0156578. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160596

Griscom, L. and Jr. Sprunt, A. (1957). The warblers of America: a popular account of the wood-warblers as they occur in the Western Hemisphere. New York: Doubleday.

Hahn, B. A. and E. D. Silverman. (2006). Social cues facilitate habitat selection: American Redstarts establish breeding territories in response to song. Biology Letters no. 2 (3):337-340.

Hall, G. A. (1981). Fall migration patterns of wood warblers in the southern Appalachians. J. Field Ornithol. no. 52:43-49.

Hamel, P. B., Jr. LeGrand, H. E., M. R. Lennartz and Jr. Gauthreaux, S. A. (1982). Bird habitat relationships on southeastern forest lands. Asheville, NC: U.S. For. Serv.

Hannon, S. J., S. Wilson and C. A. McCallum. (2009). Does cowbird parasitism increase predation risk to American Redstart nests? Oikos no. 118 (7):1035-1043.

Harrison, X. A., J. D. Blount, R. Inger, D. R. Norris and S. Bearhop. (2011). Carry-over effects as drivers of fitness differences in animals. Journal of Animal Ecology 80 (1):4-18.

Hauer, G., S. Cumming, F. Schmiegelow, W. Adamowicz, M. Weber and R. Jagodzinski. (2010). Tradeoffs between forestry resource and conservation values under alternate policy regimes: A spatial analysis of the western Canadian boreal plains. Ecological Modelling no. 221 (21):2590-2603.

Hickey, J. J. (1940). Territorial aspects of the American Redstart. Auk no. 57:255-256.

Hill, N. P. and J. M. Hagan III. (1991). Population trends of some northeastern North American landbirds: a half-century of data. Wilson Bull. no. 103:165-182.

Hobson, K. A. and M. A. Villard. (1998). Forest fragmentation affects the behavioral response of American Redstarts to the threat of cowbird parasitism. Condor no. 100 (2):389-394.

Hobson, K. A., S. L. Van Wilgenburg, J. Faaborg, J. D. Toms, C. Rengifo, A. Llanes Sosa, Y. Aubry and R. Brito Aguilar. (2014b). Connecting breeding and wintering grounds of Neotropical migrant songbirds using stable hydrogen isotopes: A call for an isotopic atlas of migratory connectivity. Journal of Field Ornithology no. 85 (3):237-257.

Holmes, R. T. (1986). Foraging patterns of forest birds: male-female differences. Wilson Bull. no. 98:196-213.

Holmes, R. T. (2007). Understanding population change in migratory songbirds: Long-term and experimental studies of Neotropical migrants in breeding and wintering areas. Ibis no. 149 (2):2-13.

Holmes, R. T. (2011). Avian population and community processes in forest ecosystems: Long-term research in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Forest Ecology and Management no. 262 (1):20-32.

Holmes, R. T. and G. E. Likens. (2016). Hubbard Brook: The story of a forest ecosystem. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Holmes, R. T. and J. C. Schultz. (1988). Food availability for forest birds: effects of prey distribution and abundance on bird foraging. Can. J. Zool. no. 66:720-728.

Holmes, R. T. and S. K. Robinson. (1981). Tree species preferences of foraging insectivorous birds in a northern hardwood forest. Oecologia no. 48:31-35.

Holmes, R. T. and T. W. Sherry. (1988). Assessing population trends of New Hampshire forest birds: local versus regional patterns. Auk no. 105:756-768.

Holmes, R. T. and T. W. Sherry. (1992). "Site fidelity of migratory warblers in temperate breeding and neotropical wintering areas: implications for population dynamics, habitat selection, and conservation." In Ecology and conservation of neotropical migrant landbirds., edited by J. M. Hagan Iii and D. W. Johnston, 563-575. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Holmes, R. T. and T. W. Sherry. (2001). Thirty-year bird population trends in an unfragmented temperate deciduous forest: importance of habitat change. Auk no. 118:589-609.

Holmes, R. T., R. E. Bonney, Jr., and S. W. Pacala. (1979b). Guild structure of the Hubbard Brook bird community: a multivariate approach. Ecology no. 60:512-520.

Holmes, R. T., T. W. Sherry and F. W. Sturges. (1986). Bird community dynamics in a temperate deciduous forest: long-term trends at Hubbard Brook. Ecol. Monogr. no. 56:201-220.

Holmes, R. T., T. W. Sherry and L. R. Reitsma. (1989). Population structure, territoriality, and overwinter survival of two migrant warbler species in Jamaica. Condor no. 91:545-561.

Holmes, R. T., T. W. Sherry and S. E. Bennett. (1978a). Diurnal and individual variation in the foraging behavior of American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla). Oecologia no. 36:141-149.

Hostetler, J. A., T. S. Sillett and P. P. Marra. (2015). Full-annual-cycle population models for migratory birds. Auk no. 132 (2):433-449.

Howe, H. F. (1974a). A case of age-related territory usurpation in the American Redstart. Jack-Pine Warbler no. 52:92.

Howe, H. F. (1974b). Evidence for "floaters" in the American Redstart. Jack-Pine Warbler no. 52:91.

Howell, S. N. G. (2010). Peterson Reference Guide to Molt in North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company, Boston, MA, USA.

Howell, S. N. G. and S. Webb. (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.

Howell, S. N. G., C. Corben, P. Pyle and D. I. Rogers. (2003). The first basic problem: A review of molt and plumage homologies. Condor 105:635-653.

Howell, S. N. G., C. Corben, P. Pyle and D. I. Rogers. (2004). The first basic problem revisited: Reply to commentaries on Howell et al. (2003). Condor 106:206-210.

Hubbard, J. P. (1978). Revised check-list of the birds of New Mexico. New Mexico Ornithological Society Publication no. 6.

Huffman, R. D. (1997). Effects of residual overstory on bird use and aspen regeneration in aspen harvest sites in Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge, Minnesota. Thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.

Humphrey, P. S. and K. C. Parkes. (1959). An approach to the study of molts and plumages. Auk 76:1-31.

Hunt, P. D. (1996). Habitat selection by American Redstarts along a successional gradient in northern hardwoods forest: evaluation of habitat quality. Auk no. 113:875-888.

Hunt, P. D. (1998c). Evidence from a landscape population model of the importance of early successional habitat to the American Redstart. Conservation Biology no. 12 (6):1377-1389.

Imhof, T. A. (1976). Alabama birds, 2nd ed. University, AL: Univ. Alabama Press.

James, F. C., C. E. McCulloch and D. A. Wiedenfeld. (1996). New approaches to the analysis of population trends in land birds. Ecology no. 77:13-27.

Janssen, R. B. (1987). Birds in Minnesota. Minneapolis: Univ. Minnesota Press.

Jeffrey-Smith, M. (1972). Bird-watching in Jamaica. Kingston, Jamaica: Bolivar Press.

Johnson, M. D. and T. W. Sherry. (2001). Effects of food availability on the distribution of migratory warblers among habitats in Jamaica. Journal of Animal Ecology no. 70 (4):546-560.

Johnson, M. D., J. L. Kellermann and A. M. Stercho. (2010d). Pest reduction services by birds in shade and sun coffee in Jamaica. Animal Conservation no. 13 (2):140-147.

Johnson, M. D., T. W. Sherry, A. M. Strong and A. Medori. (2005c). Migrants in Neotropical bird communities: An assessment of the breeding currency hypothesis. Journal of Animal Ecology no. 74 (2):333-341.

Johnson, M. D., T. W. Sherry, R. T. Holmes and P. P. Marra. (2006b). Assessing habitat quality for a migratory songbird wintering in natural and agricultural habitats. Conservation Biology no. 20 (5):1433-1444.

Johnston, D. W. and D. I. Winings. (1987). Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XXVII. The decline of forest breeding birds on Plummers Island, Maryland, and vicinity. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. no. 100:762-768.

Jones, J., P. J. Doran and R. T. Holmes. (2003b). Climate and food synchronize regional forest bird abundances. Ecology no. 84:3024-3032.

Jones, K. C., K. L. Roth, K. Islam, P. B. Hamel and C. G. Smith III. (2007b). Incidence of nest material kleptoparasitism involving Cerulean Warblers. Wilson Journal of Ornithology no. 119 (2):271-275.

Judson, K. and T. W. Sherry. Comparative study of diet and prey size of an insectivorous migratory passerine throughout its annual cycle. New Orleans: Tulane University.

Kappes, P. J., B. J. M. Stutchbury and B. E. Woolfenden. (2009). The relationship between carotenoid-based coloration and pairing, within- and extra-pair mating success in the American Redstart. Condor no. 111 (4):684-693.

Keast, A., L. Pearce and S. Saunders. (1995). How convergent is the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla , Parulinae) with flycatchers (Tyrannidae) in morphology and feeding behavior? Auk no. 112:310-325.

Keefe, M. H. (1996). Acid precipitation's effects on forest birds of the Adirondack Mountains, New York. Senior undergraduate honors thesis, Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA.

Kennedy, C. M. and P. P. Marra. (2010). Matrix mediates avian movements in tropical forested landscapes: Inference from experimental translocations. Biological Conservation no. 143 (9):2136-2145.

Kirkconnell, A. and O. H. Garrido. (1996). La candelita Setophaga ruticilla (Aves: Parulidae) nidificando en Cuba. El Pitirre no. 9:5.

Klein, N. K. and K. V. Rosenberg. (1986). Feeding of Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater) fledglings by more than one "host" species. Auk no. 103:213-214.

Klicka, J., K. Burns and G. M. Spellman. (2007). Defining a monophyletic Cardinalini: A molecular perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45:1014-1032.

Klimkiewicz, M. K., B. Clapp and A. G. Futcher. (1983). Longevity records of North American birds: Remizidae through Parulinae. J. Field Ornithol. no. 54:287-294.

Knutson, M. G., G. J. Niemi, W. E. Newton and M. A. Friberg. (2004). Avian nest success in midwestern forests fragmented by agriculture. Condor no. 106 (1):116-130.

Komar, O., B. J. O'Shea, A. T. Peterson and A. G. Navarro-Siguenza. (2005b). Evidence of latitudinal sexual segregation among migratory birds wintering in Mexico. Auk no. 122 (3):938-948.

La Sorte, F. A., D. Fink, W. M. Hochachka and S. Kelling. (2016). Convergence of broad-scale migration strategies in terrestrial birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences no. 283 (1823).

La Sorte, F. A., D. Fink, W. M. Hochachka, A. Farnsworth, A. D. Rodewald, K. V. Rosenberg, B. L. Sullivan, D. W. Winkler, C. Wood and S. Kelling. (2014b). The role of atmospheric conditions in the seasonal dynamics of North American migration flyways. Journal of Biogeography no. 41 (9):1685-1696.

La Sorte, F. A., D. Fink, W. M. Hochachka, J. P. DeLong and S. Kelling. (2013). Population-level scaling of avian migration speed with body size and migration distance for powered fliers. Ecology no. 94 (8):1839-1847.

La Sorte, F. A., D. Fink, W. M. Hochachka, J. P. DeLong and S. Kelling. (2014a). Spring phenology of ecological productivity contributes to the use of looped migration strategies by birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences no. 281 (1793).

Lack, D. and P. Lack. (1972). Wintering warblers in Jamaica. Living Bird no. 11:129-153.

Lambert, R., R. K. Watson and K. W. Winfield. (1985). American Redstart in Lincolnshire. Br. Birds no. 78:245-246.

Langin, K. M., D. R. Norris, T. K. Kyser, P. P. Marra and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2006). Capital versus income breeding in a migratory passerine bird: Evidence from stable-carbon isotopes. Canadian Journal of Zoology no. 84 (7):947-953.

Langin, K. M., M. W. Reudink, P. P. Marra, D. R. Norris, T. K. Kyser and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2007). Hydrogen isotopic variation in migratory bird tissues of known origin: Implications for geographic assignment. Oecologia no. 152 (3):449-457.

Langin, K. M., P. P. Marra, Z. Németh, F. R. Moore, T. K. Kyser and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2009). Breeding latitude and timing of spring migration in songbirds crossing the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Avian Biology no. 40 (3):309-316.

Lany, N. K., M. P. Ayres, E. E. Stange, T. S. Sillett, N. L. Rodenhouse and R. T. Holmes. (2016). Breeding timed to maximize reproductive success for a migratory songbird: The importance of phenological asynchrony. Oikos no. 125 (5):656-666.

Latta, S. C. and Jr. Wunderle, J. M. (1996b). The composition and foraging ecology of mixed-species flocks in pine forests of Hispaniola. Condor no. 98:595-607.

Latta, S. C., S. Cabezas, D. A. Mejia, M. M. Paulino, H. Almonte, C. M. Miller-Butterworth and G. R. Bortolotti. (2016). Carry-over effects provide linkages across the annual cycle of a Neotropical migratory bird, the Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla. Ibis no. 158 (2):395-406.

Lawton, M. F. and R. O. Lawton. (1986). Heterochrony, deferred breeding, and avian sociality. Curr. Ornithol. no. 3:187-222.

Lefebvre, G. and B. Poulin. (1996). Seasonal abundance of migrant birds and food resources in Panamanian mangrove forests. Wilson Bulletin no. 108 (4):748-759.

Lefebvre, G., B. Poulin and R. McNeil. (1992). Abundance, feeding behavior, and body condition of nearctic warblers wintering in Venezuelan mangroves. Wilson Bull. no. 104:400-412.

Lefebvre, G., B. Poulin and R. McNeil. (1994a). Spatial and social behavior of Nearctic warblers wintering in Venezuelan mangroves. Canadian Journal of Zoology no. 72 (4):757-764.

Lemon, R. E., C. W. Dobson and P. G. Clifton. (1993). Songs of American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla): sequencing rules and their relationships to repertoire size. Ethology no. 93:198-210.

Lemon, R. E., D. M. Weary and K. J. Norris. (1992). Male morphology and behavior correlate with reproductive success in the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. no. 29:399-403.

Lemon, R. E., R. Cotter, R. C. MacNally and S. Monette. (1985). Song repertoires and song sharing by American Redstarts. Condor no. 87:457-470.

Lemon, R. E., S. Monette and D. Roff. (1987). Song repertoires of American warblers (Parulinae): honest advertising or assessment? Ethology no. 74:265-284.

Lemon, R. E., S. Perreault and D. M. Weary. (1994). Dual strategies of song development in American Redstarts, Setophaga ruticilla. Anim. Behav. no. 47:317-329.

Lemon, R. E., S. Perreault and G. A. Lozano. (1996). Breeding dispersions and site fidelity of American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla). Can. J. Zool. no. 74:2238-2247.

Lent, R. A. and D. E. Capen. (1995). Effects of small-scale habitat disturbance on the ecology of breeding birds in a Vermont (USA) hardwood forest. Ecography no. 18 (2):97-108.

Lopez-Ornat, A. and R. Greenberg. (1990). Sexual segregation by habitat in migratory warblers in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Auk no. 107:539-543.

Lovette, I. J. and R. T. Holmes. (1995). Foraging behavior of American Redstarts in breeding and wintering areas: implications for relative food availability. Condor no. 97:782-791.

Lovette, I. J. and W. M. Hochachka. (2006). Simultaneous effects of phylogenetic niche conservatism and competition on avian community structure. Ecology no. 87 (Sp7):14-28.

Lovette, I. J., J. L. Perez-Eman, J. P. Sullivan, R. C. Banks, I. Fiorentino, S. Cordoba-Cordoba, M. Echeverry-Galvis, F. K. Barker, K. J. Burns, J. Klicka, S. M. Lanyon and E. Bermingham. (2010). A comprehensive multilocus phylogeny for the wood-warblers and a revised classification of the Parulidae (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution no. 57 (2):753-770.

Lowery, Jr., G. H. (1974). Louisiana Birds. Revised 3rd Edition. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Lozano, G. A., S. Perreault and R. E. Lemon. (1996). Age, arrival date and reproductive success of male American Redstarts Setophaga ruticilla. J. Avian Biol. no. 27:164-170.

Lynch, J. F. (1992). "Distribution of overwintering Nearctic migrants in Yucatán Peninsula, II: use of native and human-modified vegetation." In Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds., edited by J. M. Hagan Iii and D. W. Johnston, 178-196. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Macnally, R. C. and R. E. Lemon. (1985). Repeat and serial singing modes in American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla): a test of functional hypotheses. Z. Tierpsychol. no. 69:191-202.

Mannan, R. W. (1979). American Redstart assists at Yellow Warbler nest. Bird-Banding no. 50:263.

Manuwal, D. A. (1986). Characteristics of bird assemblages along linear riparian zones in western Montana. Murrelet no. 67:10-18.

Manuwal, D. A. (2012). Bird populations in Montana linear riparian areas at 12, 28, and 40 year intervals. Northwest Science no. 86 (1):71-81.

Marini, K. L. D., A. E. McKellar, L. M. Ratcliffe, P. P. Marra and M. W. Reudink. (2015). Age-related change in carotenoid-based plumage of the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). Journal of Ornithology no. 156 (3):783-793.

Marra, P. P. (2000). The role of behavioral dominance in structuring patterns of habitat occupancy in a migrant bird during the nonbreeding season. Behavioral Ecology no. 11 (3):299-308.

Marra, P. P. and R. L. Holberton. (1998). Corticosterone levels as indicators of habitat quality: Effects of habitat segregation in a migratory bird during the non-breeding season. Oecologia no. 116 (1-2):284-292.

Marra, P. P. and R. T. Holmes. (2001). Consequences of dominance-mediated habitat segregation in American Redstarts during the nonbreeding season. Auk no. 118 (1):92-104.

Marra, P. P., C. E. Studds and M. Webster. (2010). "Migratory connectivity." In Encyclopedia of animal behavior, edited by M. D. Breed and J. Moore, 455-461. Cambridge: Academic Press.

Marra, P. P., C. E. Studds, S. Wilson, T. S. Sillett, T. W. Sherry and R. T. Holmes. (2015). Non-breeding season habitat quality mediates the strength of density-dependence for a migratory bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences no. 282 (1811):1-8.

Marra, P. P., D. R. Norris, S. M. Haig, M. Webster and J. A. Royle. (2006). "Chapter 7. Migratory connectivity." In Connectivity conservation, edited by K. R. Crooks and M. Sanjayan, 157-183. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Marra, P. P., K. A. Hobson and R. T. Holmes. (1998). Linking winter and summer events in a migratory bird by using stable-carbon isotopes. Science no. 282:1884-1886.

Marra, P. P., T. W. Sherry and R. T. Holmes. (1993). Territorial exclusion by a Neotropical migrant bird in winter: a removal experiment with American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla) in Jamaica. Auk no. 110:565-572.

Marshall, M. R., J. A. DeCecco, A. B. Williams, G. A. Gale and R. J. Cooper. (2003b). Use of regenerating clearcuts by late-successional bird species and their young during the post-fledging period. Forest Ecology and Management no. 183 (1-3):127-135.

Martin, P. R., J. R. Fotheringham, L. Ratcliffe and R. J. Robertson. (1996a). Response of American redstarts (suborder Passeri) and least flycatchers (suborder Tyranni) to heterospecific playback: The role of song in aggressive interactions and interference competition. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology no. 39 (4):227-235.

Martin, T. E. and J. R. Karr. (1986). Patch utilization by migrating birds: Resource oriented? Ornis Scandinavica no. 17 (2):165-174.

Martin, T. E. and J. R. Karr. (1990). Behavioral plasticity of foraging maneuvers of migratory warblers: multiple selection periods for niches? Stud. Avian Biol. no. 13:353-359.

Martin, T. G., I. Chadès, P. Arcese, P. P. Marra, H. P. Possingham and D. R. Norris. (2007f). Optimal conservation of migratory species. PLoS One no. 2 (8):e751.

Matysioková, B., A. Cockburn and V. Remeš. (2011). Male incubation feeding in songbirds responds differently to nest predation risk across hemispheres. Animal Behaviour no. 82 (6):1347-1356.

Maurer, B. A. and R. C. Whitmore. (1981). Foraging of five bird species in two forests with different vegetation structure. Wilson Bull. no. 93:478-490.

Mayr, E. and L. L. Short. (1970). Species taxa of North American birds, a contribution to comparative systematics. Vol. 9: Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club.

McCallum, C. A. and S. J. Hannon. (2001). Accipiter predation of American Redstart nestlings. Condor no. 103 (1):192-194.

McCarthy, E. M. (2006). Handbook of avian hybrids of the world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McGraw, K. J., J. Hudon, G. E. Hill and R. S. Parker. (2005b). A simple and inexpensive chemical test for behavioral ecologists to determine the presence of carotenoid pigments in animal tissues. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology no. 57 (4):391-397.

McKellar, A. E., M. W. Reudink, P. P. Marra, L. M. Ratcliffe and S. Wilson. (2015). Climate and density influence annual survival and movement in a migratory songbird. Ecology and Evolution no. 5 (24):S892-S904.

McKellar, A. E., P. P. Marra and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2013a). Starting over: Experimental effects of breeding delay on reproductive success in early-arriving male American Redstarts. Journal of Avian Biology no. 44 (5):495-503.

McKellar, A. E., P. P. Marra, P. T. Boag and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2014). Form, function and consequences of density dependence in a long-distance migratory bird. Oikos no. 123 (3):356-364.

McKellar, A. E., P. P. Marra, S. J. Hannon, C. E. Studds and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2013b). Winter rainfall predicts phenology in widely separated populations of a migrant songbird. Oecologia no. 172 (2):595-605.

McNair, D. B. and W. Post. (1993b). Supplement to "Status and distribution of South Carolina birds.". Charleston, SC: Charleston Mus. Ornithol. Contr. no. 8.

McNeil, R. (1982). Winter resident repeats and returns of austral and boreal migrant birds banded in Venezuela. J. Field Ornithol. no. 53:125-132.

Meehan, T. D., J. T. Giermakowski and P. M. Cryan. (2004). GIS-based model of stable hydrogen isotope ratios in North American growing-season precipitation for use in animal movement studies. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies no. 40 (4):291-300.

Mengel, R. M. (1965b). The birds of Kentucky, Ornithol. Monogr. 3. Washington, D.C.: Amer. Ornith. Union.

Mills, A. M. (2006). Winter range compression of migrants in Central America. Journal of Avian Biology no. 37 (1):41-51.

Monson, G. and A. R. Phillips. (1964). A check-list of the birds of Arizona. Tucson: Univ. of Arizona Press.

Moore, F. R., R. J. Smith and R. Sandberg. (2005). "Stopover ecology of intercontinental migrants: En route problems and consequences for reproductive performance." In Birds of two worlds: The ecology and evolution of migration, edited by R. Greenberg and P. P. Marra, 251-261. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Morris, M. M. J. and R. E. Lemon. (1988a). American Redstart nest placement in southwestern New Brunswick. Can. J. Zool. no. 66:212-216.

Morris, M. M. J. and R. E. Lemon. (1988b). Mate choice in American Redstarts: by territory quality? Can. J. Zool. no. 66:2255-2261.

Morris, S. R., D. W. Holmes and M. E. Richmond. (1996). A ten-year study of the stopover patterns of migratory passerines during fall migration on Appeldore Island, Maine. Condor no. 98:395-409.

Morris, S. R., M. E. Richmond and D. W. Holmes. (1994). Patterns of stopover by warblers during spring and fall migration on Appledore Island, Maine. Wilson Bulletin no. 106 (4):703-718.

Morse, D. H. (1970b). Ecological aspects of some mixed species foraging flocks of birds. Ecol. Monogr. no. 40:119-168.

Morse, D. H. (1973). The foraging of small populations of Yellow Warblers and American Redstarts. Ecology no. 54:346-355.

Morse, D. H. (1993). "Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens)." In The birds of North America, No. 55, edited by A. Poole and F. Gill. Washington, D.C: Acad. Nat. Sci., Philadelphia, PA., and Am. Ornithol. Union.

Murphy, M. T., A. Pierce, J. Shoen, K. L. Murphy, J. A. Campbell and D. A. Hamilton. (2001a). Population structure and habitat use by overwintering neotropical migrants on a remote oceanic island. Biological Conservation no. 102 (3):333-345.

Nichols, J. D., B. R. Noon, S. L. Stokes and J. E. Hines. (1981). Remarks on the use of mark-recapture methodology in estimating avian population size. Stud. Avian Biol. no. 6:121-136.

Nordell, C. J., S. Haché, E. M. Bayne, P. Sólymos, K. R. Foster, C. M. Godwin, R. Krikun, P. Pyle and K. A. Hobson. (2016). Within-site variation in feather stable hydrogen isotope (δ2Hf) values of boreal songbirds: Implications for assignment to molt origin. PLoS ONE no. 11 (11):e0163957.

Norris, D. R. and P. P. Marra. (2007). Seasonal interactions, habitat quality, and population dynamics in migratory birds. Condor no. 109 (3):535-547.

Norris, D. R., M. B. Wunder and M. Boulet. (2006a). Perspectives on migratory connectivity. Ornithological Monographs no. 61:79-88.

Norris, D. R., P. P. Marra, G. J. Bowen, L. M. Ratcliffe, J. A. Royle and T. K. Kyser. (2006b). Migratory connectivity of a widely distributed songbird, the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). Ornithological Monographs no. 61:14-28.

Norris, D. R., P. P. Marra, R. Montgomerie, T. K. Kyser and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2004b). Reproductive effort, molting latitude, and feather color in a migratory songbird. Science no. 306 (5705):2249-2250.

Norris, D. R., P. P. Marra, T. K. Kyser and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2005). Tracking habitat use of a long-distance migratory bird, the American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla, using stable-carbon isotopes in cellular blood. Journal of Avian Biology no. 36 (2):164-170.

Norris, D. R., P. P. Marra, T. K. Kyser, L. M. Ratcliffe and R. Montgomerie. (2007). Continent-wide variation in feather colour of a migratory songbird in relation to body condition and moulting locality. Biology Letters no. 3 (1):16-19.

Norris, D. R., P. P. Marra, T. K. Kyser, T. W. Sherry and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2004a). Tropical winter habitat limits reproductive success on the temperate breeding grounds in a migratory bird. Proc. Royal Soc. Lond B no. 271:59-64.

Norton, M. R. and S. J. Hannon. (1997). Songbird response to partial-cut logging in the boreal mixedwood forest of Alberta. Can. J. For. Res. no. 27:44-53.

Norton, M. R., S. J. Hannon and F. K. A. Schmiegelow. (2000). Fragments are not islands: Patch vs landscape perspectives on songbird presence and abundance in a harvested boreal forest. Ecography no. 23 (2):209-223.

Oberholser, H. C. (1938). The bird life of Louisiana. Louisiana Dept. Conserv. Bull. no. 28.

Oberholser, H. C. (1974). The Bird Life of Texas. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX, USA.

Omland, K. E. and T. W. Sherry. (1994). Parental care at nests of two age classes of male American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla): implications for female choice of mate. Condor no. 96:606-613.

Omland, K. E. and T. W. Sherry. (1995). Parental care not likely to explain poor mating success in yearling male American Redstarts. Condor no. 97:836-837.

Osmond, M. M., M. W. Reudink, R. R. Germain, P. P. Marra, J. J. Nocera, P. T. Boag and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2013). Relationships between carotenoid-based female plumage and age, reproduction, and mate colour in the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). Canadian Journal of Zoology no. 91 (8):589-595.

Osterhaus, M. B. (1962). Adaptive modifications in the leg structure of some North American warblers. Am. Midland Nat. no. 68:474-486.

Palmer-Ball, B.L., Jr. (1996). The Kentucky Breeding Bird Atlas. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Parkes, K. C. (1961). Taxonomic relationships among the American Redstarts. Wilson Bull. no. 73:374-379.

Parnell, J. F. (1969). Habitat relations of the Parulidae during spring migration. Auk no. 86:505-521.

Parrish, J. D. and T. W. Sherry. (1994). Sexual habitat segregation by American Redstarts wintering in Jamaica: importance of resource seasonality. Auk no. 111:38-49.

Pashley, D. N. and R. P. Martin. (1988). The contribution of Christmas Bird Counts to knowledge of the winter distribution of migratory warblers in the Neotropics. Am. Birds no. 42:1164-1176.

Peck, G. K. and R. D. James. (1987). Breeding birds of Ontario: Nidiology and distribution. Vol. 2. Passerines. Toronto: Misc. Publ. Roy. Ont. Mus.

Peele, A. M. (2015). Population regulation of a long distance migratory bird population in the non-breeding season: A test of buffer and crowding effects, Tulane University, New Orleans.

Peele, A. M., P. P. Marra, T. S. Sillett and T. W. Sherry. (2015). Combining survey methods to estimate abundance and transience of migratory birds among tropical nonbreeding habitats. Auk no. 132 (4):926-937.

Perreault, S., R. E. Lemon and U. Kuhnlein. (1997). Patterns and correlates of extrapair paternity in American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla). Behavioral Ecology no. 8 (6):612-621.

Peterjohn, B. G. (1989b). The birds of Ohio. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press.

Peterjohn, B. G. (2001). The birds of Ohio with breeding bird atlas maps. Wooster, OH: Wooster Book Company.

Peterson, R. A. The South Dakota Breeding Bird Atlas. South Dakota Ornithologists' Union, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online (version 06JUL2000). 1995.

Petrides, G. A. (1943). Notes on a captive Redstart. Wilson Bulletin no. 55 (3):193-194.

Post, W. and Jr. Gauthreaux, S. A. (1989). Status and distribution of South Carolina birds. Charleston, SC: Charleston Mus.

Powell, L. A. and M. G. Knutson. (2006). A productivity model for parasitized, multibrooded songbirds. Condor no. 108 (2):292-300.

Powell, L. L., R. C. Dobbs and P. P. Marra. (2015). Habitat and body condition influence American Redstart foraging behavior during the non-breeding season. Journal of Field Ornithology no. 86 (3):229-237.

Price, J. P., S. Droege and A. Price. (1995). The summer atlas of North American birds. New York: Academic Press.

Procter-Gray, E. (1991). Female-like plumage of subadult male American Redstarts does not reduce aggression from other males. Auk no. 108:872-879.

Procter-Gray, E. and R. T. Holmes. (1981). Adaptive significance of delayed attainment of plumage in male American Redstarts: tests of two hypotheses. Evolution no. 35:742-751.

Pyle, P. (1997). Identification Guide to North American Birds Part I: Columbidae to Ploceidae. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, CA, USA.

Pyle, P. (1997). Molt limits in North American passerines. North American Bird Bander 22:49-89.

Ralph, C. J. (1978). The disorientation and possible fate of young passerine coastal migrants. Bird-Banding no. 49:237-247.

Ralph, C. J. (1981). Age ratios and their possible use in determining autumn routes of passerine migrants. Wilson Bull. no. 93:164-188.

Ramenofsky, M. (2012). Reconsidering the role of photoperiod in relation to effects of precipitation and food availability on spring departure of a migratory bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B no. 279 (1726):15-16.

Rappole, J. H. and D. W. Warner. (1980). "Ecological aspects of migrant bird behavior in Veracruz, Mexico." In Migrant birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution, and conservation., edited by A. Keast and E. S. Morton, 353-393. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Reid, J. L., J. B. C. Harris, L. J. Martin, J. R. Barnett and R. A. Zahawi. (2008). Distribution and abundance of nearctic-neotropical songbird migrants in a forest restoration site in southern Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology no. 24 (6):685-688.

Reudink, M. W., A. E. McKellar, K. L. D. Marini, S. L. McArthur, P. P. Marra and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2015). Inter-annual variation in American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) plumage colour is associated with rainfall and temperature during moult: An 11-year study. Oecologia no. 178 (1):161-173.

Reudink, M. W., C. E. Studds, P. P. Marra, T. K. Kyser and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2009b). Plumage brightness predicts non-breeding season territory quality in a long-distance migratory songbird, the American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla. Journal of Avian Biology no. 40 (1):34-41.

Reudink, M. W., P. P. Marra, K. M. Langin, C. E. Studds, T. K. Kyser and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2008). Molt-migration in the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) revisited: Explaining variation in feather ?D signatures. Auk no. 125 (3):742-746.

Reudink, M. W., P. P. Marra, P. T. Boag and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2009c). Plumage coloration predicts paternity and polygyny in the American Redstart. Animal Behaviour no. 77 (2):495-501.

Reudink, M. W., P. P. Marra, T. K. Kyser, P. T. Boag, K. M. Langin and L. M. Ratcliffe. (2009a). Non-breeding season events influence sexual selection in a long-distance migratory bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B no. 276 (1662):1619-1626.

Ridgway, R. (1902). The birds of North and Middle America, Pt. 2. U.S. Natl. Mus. Bull. no. 50.

Robbins, C. S. (1964). A guide to the aging and sexing of wood warblers (Parulidae) in fall. Eastern Bird Banding Association News no. 27:199-215.

Robbins, C. S. (1979). "Effect of forest fragmentation on bird populations." In Management of north central and northeastern forests for nongame birds., edited by R. M. DeGraaf and K. E. Evans, 198-212. U.S. For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-51.

Robbins, C. S., B. A. Dowell, D. K. Dawson, J. A. Coln and R. Estrada. (1992a). "Comparison of Neotropical migrant landbird populations wintering in tropical forests, isolated forest fragments, and agricultural habitats." In Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds., edited by J. M. Hagan Iii and D. W. Johnston, 207-220. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Robbins, C. S., D. D. Dawson and B. A. Dowell. (1989a). Habitat area requirements of breeding forest birds of the Middle Atlantic States. Wildl. Monogr. no. 103:1-34.

Robbins, S. D., Jr. (1991). Wisconsin birdlife: population and distribution, past and present. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press.

Roberson, D. (1980). Rare birds of the West Coast of North America. Pacific Grove, CA: Woodcock Publ.

Robinson, J. C. (1990a). An annotated checklist of the birds of Tennessee. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press.

Robinson, S. K. and R. T. Holmes. (1982). Foraging behavior of forest birds: the relationships among search tactics, diet, and habitat structure. Ecology no. 63:1918-1931.

Robinson, S. K. and R. T. Holmes. (1984). Effects of plant species and foliage structure on the foraging behavior of forest birds. Auk no. 101:672-684.

Rodewald, A. D. and R. H. Yahner. (2001). Influence of landscape composition on avian community structure and associated mechanisms. Ecology no. 82 (12):3493-3504.

Rodewald, P. G., M. B. Shumar, A. T. Boone, D. L. Slager, and J. S. McCormac. (2016). The Second Atlas of Breeding Birds in Ohio. The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA. 600 pp.

Rohwer, S. and G. S. Butcher. (1988). Winter versus summer explanations of delayed plumage maturation in temperate passerine birds. Am. Nat. no. 131:556-572.

Rohwer, S., Jr. Klein, W. P. and S. Heard. (1983). Delayed plumage maturation and the presumed prealternate molt in American Redstarts. Wilson Bull. no. 95:199-208.

Rohwer, S., S. Fretwell and D. Niles. (1980). Delayed maturation in passerine plumages and the deceptive acquisition of resources. Am. Nat. no. 115:400-437.

Root, R. B. (1962). Comments on the status of some western specimens of the American Redstart. Condor no. 64:76-77.

Root, R. B. (1967). The niche exploitation pattern of the Blue-gray Gnatcatcher. Ecol. Monogr. no. 37:317-350.

Root, R. B. and R. M. Yarrow. (1967). A predator-decoy method for capturing insectivorous birds. Auk no. 84:423-424.

Rosenberg, K. V., J. A. Kennedy, R. Dettmers, R. P. Ford, D. Reynolds, J. D. Alexander, C. J. Beardmore, P. J. Blancher, R. E. Bogart, G. S. Butcher, A. F. Camfield, A. Couturier, D. W. Demarest, W. E. Easton, J. J. Giocomo, R. H. Keller, A. E. Mini, A. O. Panjabi, D. N. Pashley, T. D. Rich, J. M. Ruth, H. Stabins, J. Stanton and T. Will. (2016). Partners in Flight Landbird Conservation Plan: 2016 Revision for Canada and Continental United States. Partners in Flight Science Committee.

Rowher, S., S. D. Fretwell and D. M. Niles. (1980). Delayed maturation in passerine plumages and the deceptive acquisition of resources. Am. Nat. no. 115:404-437.

Ruegg, K. C., E. C. Anderson, K. L. Paxton, V. Apkenas, S. Lao, R. B. Siegel, D. F. Desante, F. Moore and T. B. Smith. (2014). Mapping migration in a songbird using high-resolution genetic markers. Molecular Ecology no. 23 (23):5726-5739.

Ruiz-Gutierrez, V., W. L. Kendall, J. F. Saracco and G. C. White. (2016). Overwintering strategies of migratory birds: A novel approach for estimating seasonal movement patterns of residents and transients. Journal of Applied Ecology no. 53 (4):1035-1045.

Runge, M. C. and P. P. Marra. (2005). "Modeling seasonal interactions in the population dynamics of migratory birds." In Birds of two worlds: The ecology and evolution of migration, edited by R. Greenberg and P. P. Marra, 375-389. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Rushing, C. S., M. R. Dudash and P. P. Marra. (2015b). Habitat features and long-distance dispersal modify the use of social information by a long-distance migratory bird. Journal of Animal Ecology no. 84 (6):1469-1479.

Rushing, C. S., M. R. Dudash, C. E. Studds and P. P. Marra. (2015a). Annual variation in long-distance dispersal driven by breeding and non-breeding season climatic conditions in a migratory bird. Ecography no. 38 (10):1006-1014.

Rushing, C. S., P. P. Marra and M. R. Dudash. (2016). Winter habitat quality but not long-distance dispersal influences apparent reproductive success in a migratory bird. Ecology no. 97 (5):1218-1227.

Sabo, S. R. (1980). Niche and habitat relations in subalpine bird communities of the White Mountains of New Hampshire USA. Ecol. Monogr. no. 50:241-260.

Sallabanks, R. (1993e). Setophaga ruticilla (American Redstart). Arlington, VA: Element Stewardship Abstract Report. The Nature Conservancy, Conservation Science Division, in association with the Network of Natural Heritage Programs and Conservation Data Centers.

Sallabanks, R., J. R. Walters and J. A. Collazo. (2000). Breeding bird abundance in bottomland hardwood forests: Habitat, edge, and patch size effects. Condor no. 102 (4):748-758.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center (2014b). Available from http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/.

Saunders, A. A. 1951. A guide to bird songs. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Schwartz, P. (1964). The Northern Waterthrush in Venezuela. Living Bird no. 3:169-184.

Scott, C. F. (1921). Notes on land birds of southern New Hampshire. Master's Thesis, Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham.

Secunda, R. and T. W. Sherry. (1991). Polyterritorial polygyny in the American Redstart. Wilson Bull. no. 103:190-203.

Semenchuk, G. P. (1992). The atlas of breeding birds of Alberta. Edmonton: Fed. Alberta Nat.

Shackell, N. L., R. E. Lemon and D. Roff. (1988). Song similarity between neighboring American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla): a statistical analysis. Auk no. 105:609-615.

Sheehy, J., C. M. Taylor, K. S. McCann and D. R. Norris. (2010). Optimal conservation planning for migratory animals: Integrating demographic information across seasons. Conservation Letters no. 3 (3):192-202.

Sherry, T. W. (1975). Foraging behavior and niche relationships of breeding American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla) and Least Flycatchers (Empidonax minimus): the flycatcher guild in a New England hardwoods ecosystem. Master's Thesis, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.

Sherry, T. W. (1979). Competitive interactions and adaptive strategies of American Redstarts and Least Flycatchers in a northern hardwoods forest. Auk no. 96:265-283.

Sherry, T. W. (1983). "Terenotriccus erythrurus (Mosqueitero colirrufo, Tontillo, Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher)." In Costa Rican natural history., edited by D. H. Janzen, 605-607. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.

Sherry, T. W. (1985). "Adaptation to a novel environment: food, foraging, and morphology of the Cocos Island Flycatcher." In Neotropical Ornithology., edited by P. A. Buckley, M. S. Foster, E. S. Morton, R. S. Ridgely and F. Buckley, 908-920. Ornithol. Monogr. no. 36.

Sherry, T. W. (1990). When are birds dietarily specialized? distinguishing ecological from evolutionary approaches. Stud. Avian Biol. no. 13:337-352.

Sherry, T. W. and R. T. Holmes. (1985). "Dispersion patterns and habitat responses of birds in northern hardwoods forest." In Habitat selection in birds., edited by M. Cody, 283-309. New York: Academic Press.

Sherry, T. W. and R. T. Holmes. (1988). Habitat selection by breeding American Redstarts in response to a dominant competitor, the Least Flycatcher. Auk no. 105:350-364.

Sherry, T. W. and R. T. Holmes. (1989). Age-specific social dominance affects habitat use by breeding American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla): a removal experiment. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. no. 25:327-333.

Sherry, T. W. and R. T. Holmes. (1991). Population age structure of long-distance migratory passerine birds: variation in time and space. Acta XX Congr. Int. Ornithol.:1542-1556.

Sherry, T. W. and R. T. Holmes. (1992b). "Population fluctuations in a long-distance Neotropical migrant: demographic evidence for the importance of breeding season events in the American Redstart." In Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds., edited by J. M. Hagan Iii and D. W. Johnston, 431-442. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Sherry, T. W. and R. T. Holmes. (1995). "Summer versus winter limitation of Neotropical migrant landbird populations: what are the issues and what is the evidence?" In Ecology and management of Neotropical migratory birds: a synthesis and review of the critical issues., edited by T. Martin and D. Finch. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press.

Sherry, T. W. and R. T. Holmes. (1996a). Winter habitat limitation in Neotropical-Nearctic migrant birds: implications for population dynamics and conservation. Ecology no. 77:36-48.

Sherry, T. W., M. D. Johnson, and A. M. Strong. (2005). Does winter food limit populations of migratory birds? Pages 414–425 in Birds of two worlds: The ecology and evolution of migration (R. Greenberg and P. P. Marra, editors). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Sherry, T. W., M. D. Johnson, K. A. Williams, J. D. Kaban, C. K. McAvoy, A. M. Hallauer, S. Rainey and S. Xu. (2016). Dietary opportunism, resource partitioning, and coffee-berry borer consumption in five migratory wood warbler species (Parulidae) wintering in Jamaican shade coffee habitat. Journal of Field Ornithology.

Sherry, T. W., S. Wilson, S. Hunter and R. T. Holmes. (2015). Impacts of nest predators and weather on reproductive success and population limitation in a long-distance migratory songbird. Journal of Avian Biology no. 46 (6):559-569.

Sibley, D. A. (1997). Birds of Cape May. 2nd ed. Cape May Bird Observatory, New Jersey Audubon Society.

Sillett, T. S. and R. T. Holmes. (2002). Variation in survivorship of a migratory songbird throughout its annual cycle. J. Anim. Ecol. no. 71:296-308.

Sillett, T. S., R. T. Holmes and T. W. Sherry. (2000). Impacts of a global climate cycle on population dynamics of a migratory songbird. Science no. 288:2040-2042.

Sliwa, A. (1991). Winter geographic and habitat distributions of two migratory warblers (Parulinae) in Jamaica, W.I. Master's Thesis, Berlin Free Univ., Berlin, Germany.

Sliwa, A. and T. W. Sherry. (1992). Surveying wintering warbler populations in Jamaica: point counts with and without broadcast vocalizations. Condor no. 94:924-936.

Sloan, S. S. (1991). Habitat and stratal differences in predation rates of artificial nests in a northern hardwoods forest: implications for breeding habitat selection by three migratory passerine warblers. Senior Honors thesis, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.

Sloan, S. S., R. T. Holmes and T. W. Sherry. (1998). Depredation rates and predators at artificial bird nests in an unfragmented northern hardwoods forest. J. Wildl. Manag. no. 62:529-539.

Slud, P. (1967). The birds of Cocos Island (Costa Rica). Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 134:263-295.

Small, A. (1994). California birds: their status and distribution. Vista, CA: Ibis Publ. Co.

Small-Lorenz, S. L., L. A. Culp, T. B. Ryder, T. C. Will and P. P. Marra. (2013). A blind spot in climate change vulnerability assessments. Nature Climate Change no. 3 (2):91-93.

Smith, A. R. (1996b). Atlas of Saskatchewan birds. Regina: Sask. Nat. Hist. Soc. Spec. Publ. no. 22.

Smith, R. J. and F. R. Moore. (2003). Arrival fat and reproductive performance in a long-distance passerine migrant. Oecologia no. 134 (3):325-331.

Smith, R. J. and F. R. Moore. (2005a). Arrival timing and seasonal reproductive performance in a long-distance migratory landbird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology no. 57 (3):231-239.

Smith, R. J. and F. R. Moore. (2005b). Fat stores of American Redstarts Setophaga ruticilla arriving at northerly breeding grounds. Journal of Avian Biology no. 36 (2):117-126.

Smith, R. J., F. R. Moore and C. A. May. (2007e). Stopover habitat along the shoreline of northern Lake Huron, Michigan: Emergent aquatic insects as a food resource for spring migrating landbirds. Auk no. 124 (1):107-121.

Smith, R. J., M. J. Hamas, D. N. Ewert and M. E. Dallman. (2004c). Spatial foraging differences in American Redstarts along the shoreline of northern Lake Huron during spring migration. Wilson Bulletin no. 116 (1):48-55.

Smith, R. J., S. E. Mabey and F. R. Moore. (2009b). Spring passage and arrival patterns of American Redstarts in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Wilson Journal of Ornithology no. 121 (2):290-297.

Sodhi, N. S., C. A. Paszkowski and S. Keehn. (1999). Scale-dependent habitat selection by American Redstarts in aspen-dominated forest fragments. Wilson Bulletin no. 111 (1):70-75.

Spector, D. A. (1992). Wood-warbler song systems: a review of Paruline singing behaviors. Curr. Ornithol. no. 9:199-238.

Spellman, C. B., R. E. Lemon and M. M. J. Morris. (1987). Color dichromatism in female American Redstarts. Wilson Bull. no. 99:257-261.

Staicer, C. A., V. Ingalls and T. W. Sherry. (2006). Singing behavior varies with breeding status of American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla). Wilson Journal of Ornithology no. 118 (4):439-451.

Stephens, D. A. and S. H. Sturts. (1991). Idaho bird distribution. Idaho State Univ., Pocatello: Idaho Mus. Nat. Hist.

Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson. (1994b). The birdlife of Florida. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

Stewart, P. A. (1983b). Independent fall migration of first-year and older wood warblers. N. Am. Bird Bander no. 8:153-155.

Stewart, P. A. (1986). Fall migration of twelve species of wood warblers through coastal Virginia. N. Am. Bird Bander no. 11:83-86.

Stewart, P. A. (1989a). Migratory movements of banded American Redstarts. N. Am. Bird Bander no. 14:78.

Stewart, R. E. (1975b). Breeding birds of North Dakota. Fargo, ND: Tri-College Center for Environ. Studies.

Stiles, F. G. and A. Skutch. (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press.

Stone, W. (1896). The molting of birds with special reference to the plumages of smaller land birds of eastern North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. no. 43:108-164.

Streby, H. M., S. M. Peterson and D. E. Andersen. (2011a). Invertebrate availability and vegetation characteristics explain use of nonnesting cover types by mature-forest songbirds during the postfledging period. Journal of Field Ornithology no. 82 (4):406-414.

Streby, H. M., S. M. Peterson, T. L. McAllister and D. E. Andersen. (2011b). Use of early-successional managed northern forest by mature-forest species during the post-fledging period. Condor no. 113 (4):817-824.

Studd, M. V. and R. J. Robertson. (1985b). Life span, competition, and delayed plumage maturation in male passerines: the breeding threshold hypothesis. Am. Nat. no. 126:101-115.

Studds, C. E. and P. P. Marra. (2005). Nonbreeding habitat occupancy and population processes: An upgrade experiment with a migratory bird. Ecology no. 86 (9):2380-2385.

Studds, C. E. and P. P. Marra. (2007). Linking fluctuations in rainfall to nonbreeding season performance in a long-distance migratory bird, Setophaga ruticilla. Climate Research no. 35 (1-2):115-122.

Studds, C. E. and P. P. Marra. (2011). Rainfall-induced changes in food availability modify the spring departure programme of a migratory bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences no. 278 (1723):3437-3443.

Studds, C. E. and P. P. Marra. (2012). Reconsidering the role of precipitation and food availability in relation to the effect of photoperiod on spring departure of a migratory bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences no. 279 (1726):17-18.

Studds, C. E., T. K. Kyser and P. P. Marra. (2008). Natal dispersal driven by environmental conditions interacting across the annual cycle of a migratory songbird. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America no. 105 (8):2929-2933.

Sturm, L. (1945). A study of the nesting activities of the American Redstart. Auk no. 62:189-206.

Taylor, C. M. and D. R. Norris. (2010). Population dynamics in migratory networks. Theoretical Ecology no. 3 (2):65-73.

Terborgh, J. (1989). Where have all the birds gone? Essays on the biology and conservation of birds that migrate to the American tropics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.

Thompson, M. C. and C. Ely. (1992). Birds in Kansas, Vol. II. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. Public Ed. Ser. no. 12.

Toms, J. D. (2011). Non-breeding competition between migrant American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla) and resident Adelaide’s Warblers (Dendroica adelaidae) in the Guánica Biosphere Reserve, southwest Puerto Rico, University of Missouri, Columbia.

Toms, J. D. (2013). Linking behavior and community ecology: Interspecific aggression provides evidence for competition between a migrant and resident warbler. Ethology no. 119 (12):1057-1066.

Tonra, C. M., K. L. D. Marini, P. P. Marra, R. R. Germain, R. L. Holberton and M. W. Reudink. (2014). Color expression in experimentally regrown feathers of an overwintering migratory bird: Implications for signaling and seasonal interactions. Ecology and Evolution no. 4 (8):1222-1232.

Tonra, C. M., P. P. Marra and R. L. Holberton. (2011). Migration phenology and winter habitat quality are related to circulating androgen in a long-distance migratory bird. Journal of Avian Biology no. 42 (5):397-404.

Tonra, C. M., P. P. Marra and R. L. Holberton. (2013). Experimental and observational studies of seasonal interactions between overlapping life history stages in a migratory bird. Hormones and Behavior no. 64 (5):825-832.

Veit, R. R. and W. R. Petersen. (1993). The birds of Massachusetts. Lincoln, MA: Massachussetts Audubon Society.

Waide, R. B., J. T. Emlen and E. J. Tramer. (1980). "Distribution of migrant birds in the Yucatán Peninsula: a survey." In Migrant birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution, and conservation., edited by A. Keast and E. S. Morton, 165-171. Washington, D.C: Smithson. Inst. Press.

Watt, D. J. (1980). Red-bellied Woodpecker predation on nestling American Redstarts. Wilson Bull. no. 92:249.

Weary, D. M., R. E. Lemon and S. Perreault. (1992). Song repertoires do not hinder neighbor-stranger discrimination. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. no. 31:441-447.

Weary, D. M., R. E. Lemon and S. Perreault. (1994a). Different responses to different song types in American Redstarts. Auk no. 111:730-734.

Webb, W. L., D. F. Behrend and B. Saisom. (1977). Effects of logging on songbird populations in a northern hardwood forest. Wildl. Monogr. no. 55.

Webster, M. S. and P. P. Marra. (2005). "The importance of understanding migratory connectivity and seasonal interactions." In Birds of two worlds: The ecology and evolution of migration, edited by R. Greenberg and P. P. Marra, 199-209. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Welsh, C. J. E. and W. M. Healy. (1993). Effect of even-aged timber management on bird species diversity and composition in northern hardwoods of New Hampshire. Wildl. Soc. Bull. no. 21:143-154.

Wetmore, A. (1916a). Birds of Porto Rico. U.S. Dep. Agric. Bull. no. 326.

Wetmore, A. (1940c). Notes on the birds of Kentucky. Proc U.S. National Museum no. 88 (3089):529-574.

Wetmore, A. (1949). Geographic variation in the American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). J. Wash. Acad. Sci. no. 39:137-139.

Whelan, C. J. (2001). Foliage structure influences foraging of insectivorous forest birds: An experimental study. Ecology no. 82:219-231.

Whitcomb, R. F., C. S. Robbins, J. F. Lynch, M. K. Klimkiewicz, B. L. Whitcomb and D. Bystrak. (1981). "Effects of forest fragmentation on avifauna of the eastern deciduous forest." In Forest island dynamics in man-dominated landscapes., edited by R. L. Burgess and D. M. Sharpe, 125-206. New York: Ecol. Stud. no. 41. Springer-Verlag.

Williamson, P. (1971). Feeding ecology of the Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus) and associated foliage-gleaning birds. Ecol. Monogr. no. 41:129-152.

Wilson, A. M., D. W. Brauning and R. S. Mulvihill. (2012). Second atlas of breeding birds in Pennsylvania. University Park: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press.

Wilson, S., P. P. Marra and T. S. Sillett. (2013b). The effects of experimental irrigation on plant productivity, insect abundance and the non-breeding season performance of a migratory songbird. PLoS One no. 8 (1):e55114.

Wilson, S., S. L. LaDeau, A. P. Tøttrup and P. P. Marra. (2011b). Range-wide effects of breeding- and nonbreeding-season climate on the abundance of a Neotropical migrant songbird. Ecology no. 92 (9):1789-1798.

Winker, K., D. W. Warner and A. R. Weisbrod. (1992d). Migration of woodland birds at a fragmented inland stopover site. Wilson Bulletin no. 104 (4):580-598.

Wolfe, J. D., T. B. Ryder and P. Pyle. (2010). Using molt cycles to categorize the age of tropical birds: An integrative new system. Journal of Field Ornithology no. 81 (2):186-194.

Woodrey, M. S. (1995). Stopover behavior and age-specific ecology of Neotropical passerine migrant landbirds during autumn along the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Phd Thesis, Univ. of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg.

Woodrey, M. S. and C. R. Chandler. (1997). Age-related timing of migration: Geographic and interspecific patterns. Wilson Bull. no. 109:52-67.

Woodrey, M. S. and F. R. Moore. (1997). Age-related differences in the stopover of fall landbird migrants on the coast of Alabama. Auk no. 114 (4):695-707.

Wunderle, Jr., J. M. and R. B. Wade. (1993). Distribution of overwintering nearctic migrants in the Bahamas and Greater Antilles. Condor no. 95:904-933.

Wunderle, Jr., J. M. and S. C. Latta. (2000). Winter site fidelity of Nearctic migrants in shade coffee plantations of different sizes in the Dominican Republic. Auk no. 117:596-614.

Yahner, R. H. (2003). Responses of bird communities to early successional habitat in a managed landscape. Wilson Bulletin no. 115 (3):292-298.

Yarrow, R. M. (1970). Changes in redstart breeding territory. Auk no. 87:358-361.

Yezerinac, S. M. (1993). American Redstarts using Yellow Warblers' nests. Wilson Bull. no. 105:529-531.

Zeranski, J. D. and T. R. Baptist. (1990). Connecticut birds. Hanover, NH: Univ. Press of New England.

Recommended Citation

Sherry, T. W., R. T. Holmes, P. Pyle, and M. A. Patten (2016). American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla), version 3.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.amered.03