AudioDateDownLeftRightUpCloseReportGallerySettingsGiftLanguageGridListMapMenuPhotoPlayPlusSearchStarUserIconVideo

White-winged Dove

Zenaida asiatica

Order:
Columbiformes
Family:
Columbidae
Sections
  • Authors: Schwertner, T. W., H. A. Mathewson, J. A. Roberson and G. L. Waggerman
  • Published: Jan 1, 2002
Listen

Free Introduction Article Access

The Introduction Article is just the first of 11 articles in each species account that provide life history information for the species. The remaining articles provide detailed information regarding distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status and conservation. Each species account also includes a multimedia section that displays the latest photos, audio selections and videos from Macaulay Library’s extensive galleries. Written and continually updated by acknowledged experts on each species, Birds of North America accounts include a comprehensive bibliography of published research on the species.

A subscription is needed to access the remaining account articles and multimedia content. Rates start at $5 USD for 30 days of complete access.

Subscribe Now

Already a subscriber? Sign In
Enlarge
Figure 1. Distribution of the White-winged Dove in North and Middle America and the western West Indies.

This species also breeds in the eastern West Indies, and winters in the United States in variable but increasing numbers north. See text for details.

Enlarge
Adult White-winged Dove

; photographer Kevin T. Karlson

© Cornell Lab of Ornithology

This large, semitropical dove ranges from the southernmost U.S. and Mexico (where it is partially migratory) south through Central America and much of the West Indies. In the United States, the White-winged Dove occurred historically only in the southern regions of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Prior to the 1980s, its area of greatest abundance and density was the lower Rio Grande valley of South Texas, where it was a popular game species. Since that time, however, the species has expanded its range north-ward and can now be found breeding throughout much of the southern United States, as far north as Oklahoma. A growing human population in the southern United States during the final decades of the twentieth century brought increased agriculture and ornamental trees, providing additional feeding and nesting habitat for the species and perhaps contributing to its northward expansion.

An extensive and detailed life history of the White-winged Dove can be found in Cottam and Trefethen 1968 . A more concise and recent summary of White-winged Dove ecology, emphasizing its game bird status, is in George et al. 1994 . This account focuses on the North and Middle American populations of White-winged Dove as currently classified by the American Ornithologists' Union ( American Ornithologists' Union 1998a ). The disjunct populations of Pacific coastal South America, known as Pacific Dove (Zenaida meloda), are vocally, morphologically, and genetically distinct, and currently considered a separate species by the American Ornithologists' Union (see Systematics, below).

Recommended Citation

Schwertner, T. W., H. A. Mathewson, J. A. Roberson and G. L. Waggerman. (2002). White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica), The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/whwdov

DOI: 10.2173/bna.710