AudioDateDownLeftRightUpCloseReportGallerySettingsGiftLanguageGridListMapMenuPhotoPlayPlusSearchStarUserIconVideo

Black-footed Albatross

Phoebastria nigripes

Order:
Procellariiformes
Family:
Diomedeidae
Sections
  • Authors: Whittow, G. Causey
  • Revisors: Awkerman, Jill A. and David J. Anderson
  • Published: Jun 11, 2008
Listen

Free Introduction Article Access

The Introduction Article is just the first of 11 articles in each species account that provide life history information for the species. The remaining articles provide detailed information regarding distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status and conservation. Each species account also includes a multimedia section that displays the latest photos, audio selections and videos from Macaulay Library’s extensive galleries. Written and continually updated by acknowledged experts on each species, Birds of North America accounts include a comprehensive bibliography of published research on the species.

A subscription is needed to access the remaining account articles and multimedia content. Rates start at $5 USD for 30 days of complete access.

Subscribe Now

Already a subscriber? Sign In
Enlarge
Figure 1. Breeding and nonbreeding (marine) range of the Black-footed Albatross.

See text for details on breeding locations.

Enlarge
Black-footed Albatross, adult; Midway Atoll, Pacific

; photographer Brian E. Small

© Cornell Lab of Ornithology

The Black-footed Albatross is the only uniformly dark-plumaged albatross of the North Pacific Ocean. It nests for the most part on remote beaches in the Hawaiian Archipelago during the northern winter and spring, and then wanders widely across North Pacific waters as far as Alaska, California, Taiwan, and the Bering Sea. This is the only albatross seen regularly off the Pacific coast of North America.

This albatross feeds mainly on squid and on the eggs of flying-fish, although it often follows ships and trawlers, picking up offal left in their wake. Like other tube-nosed birds, its olfactory lobes are well-developed, probably helping it to locate food in the vast reaches of oceanic waters. Along with its food, this species is known to ingest considerable amounts of floating plastic (a growing pelagic phenomenon).

Black-footed and Laysan albatrosses are sister taxa and share breeding sites and many behaviors, including features of their mating dance, and the two species hybridize occasionally. The Black-footed is the more aggressive of the two. Black-footeds are less abundant than Laysans, with a worldwide abundance estimated at about 278,000 individuals (including 58,000 breeding pairs), with an apparent decrease between 1992 and 2004. Fishing (drift) nets and longlines threaten both species; nearly 4,500 Black-footed Albatross were killed in nets in 1990 alone, but successful efforts to mitigate such loss have steadily reduced Black-footed by-catch since then.

Substantial ethological and physiological studies ( Fisher 1948a , Fisher 1972 , Rice and Kenyon 1962b , Rice and Kenyon 1962a , Whittow 1984 , Whittow 1983 ) conducted on breeding islands of Black-footed Albatross have been augmented by at-sea observations ( Shuntov 1974 ), and more recently by extensive satellite tracking, which has elucidated marine distribution and habitat of this species and other North Pacific albatrosses ( Fernandez et al. 2001 , Hyrenbach et al. 2002 , Shaffer et al. 2005 ). Identifying population-level effects of fishery bycatch and ingestion of contaminants and plastics has also motivated recent research.

Recommended Citation

Awkerman, Jill A., David J. Anderson and G. Causey Whittow. (2008). Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes), The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/bkfalb

DOI: 10.2173/bna.65